Planning your every move: The role of β-actin and its post-transcriptional regulation in cell motility

Lise Artman, Virginie Dormoy-Raclet, Christopher von Roretz, Imed Gallouzi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cell motility is a tightly regulated process that involves the polymerization of actin subunits. The formation of actin filaments is controlled through a variety of protein factors that accelerate or perturb the polymerization process. As is the case for most biological events, cell movement is also controlled at the level of gene expression. Growing research explains how the β-actin isoform of actin is particularly regulated through post-transcriptional events. This includes the discovery of multiple sites in the 3' untranslated region of β-actin mRNA to which RNA-binding proteins can associate. The control such proteins have on β-actin expression, and as a result, cell migration, continues to develop, and presents a thorough process that involves guiding an mRNA out of the nucleus, to a specific cytosolic destination, and then controlling the translation and decay of this message. In this review we will provide an overview on the recent progress regarding the mechanisms by which actin polymerization modulates cell movement and invasion and we will discuss the importance of post-transcriptional regulatory events in β-actin mediated effects on these processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-43
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in Cell and Developmental Biology
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Actin binding protein
  • Cell motility
  • Post-transcriptional regulation
  • Untranslated region (UTR)
  • Zipcode
  • β-Actin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Medicine(all)

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