Physics and operation of the AMANDA-II high energy neutrino telescope

J. Ahrens, X. Bai, S. W. Barwick, T. Becka, K. H. Becker, D. Bertrand, F. Binon, A. Biron, S. Böser, O. Botner, Othmane Bouhali, T. Burgess, S. Carius, T. Castermans, D. Chirkin, J. Conrad, J. Cooley, D. F. Cowen, A. Davour, C. de Clercq & 79 others T. DeYoung, P. Desiati, J. P. Dewulf, P. Doksus, P. Ekström, T. Feser, T. K. Gaisser, M. Gaug, L. Gerhardt, A. Goldschmidt, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, R. Hardtke, T. Hauschildt, M. Hellwig, P. Herquet, G. C. Hill, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hundertmark, J. Jacobsen, A. Karle, L. Köpke, M. Kowalski, K. Kuehn, J. I. Lamoureux, H. Leich, M. Leuthold, P. Lindahl, J. Madsen, P. Marciniewski, H. S. Matis, C. P. McParland, Y. Minaeva, P. Miočinović, R. Morse, R. Nahnhauer, T. Neunhöffer, P. Niessen, D. R. Nygren, H. Ogelman, P. Olbrechts, C. Pérez de los Heros, A. C. Pohl, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, K. Rawlins, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, S. Richter, J. Rodríguez Martino, D. Ross, H. G. Sander, T. Schmidt, D. Schneider, R. Schwarz, A. Silvestri, M. Solarz, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, D. Steele, P. Steffen, R. G. Stokstad, P. Sudhoff, K. H. Sulanke, I. Taboada, L. Thollander, S. Tilav, C. Walck, C. Weinheimer, C. H. Wiebusch, C. Wiedemann, R. Wischnewski, H. Wissing, K. Woschnagg, G. Yodh, S. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

This paper briefly describes the principle of operation and science goals of the AMANDA high energy neutrino telescope located at the South Pole, Antarctica. Results from an earlier phase of the telescope, called AMANDA-B10, demonstrate both reliable operation and the broad astrophysical reach of this device, which includes searches for a variety of sources of ultrahigh energy neutrinos: generic point sources, Gamma-Ray Bursts and diffuse sources. The predicted sensitivity and angular resolution of the telescope were confirmed by studies of atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. We also report on the status of the analysis from AMANDA-II, a larger version with far greater capabilities. At this stage of analysis, details of the ice properties and other systematic uncertainties of the AMANDA-II telescope are under study, but we have made progress toward critical science objectives. In particular, we focus on the search for continuous emission from astrophysical point sources and the search for correlated neutrino emission from Gamma Ray Bursts detected by BATSE before decommissioning in May 2000. During the next two years, we expect to exploit the full potential of AMANDA-II with the installation of a new data acquisition system that records full waveforms from the in-ice optical sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-91
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4858
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Neutrinos
Telescopes
Telescope
High Energy
neutrinos
Physics
telescopes
Gamma-ray Bursts
physics
Ice
Point Source
gamma ray bursts
Gamma rays
point sources
astrophysics
ice
decommissioning
Antarctica
Optical Sensor
energy

Keywords

  • AGN
  • AMANDA
  • Atmospheric neutrinos
  • GRB
  • Neutrino
  • Sensitivity
  • Telescope
  • WIMP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Ahrens, J., Bai, X., Barwick, S. W., Becka, T., Becker, K. H., Bertrand, D., ... Young, S. (2002). Physics and operation of the AMANDA-II high energy neutrino telescope. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 4858, 79-91. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.477304

Physics and operation of the AMANDA-II high energy neutrino telescope. / Ahrens, J.; Bai, X.; Barwick, S. W.; Becka, T.; Becker, K. H.; Bertrand, D.; Binon, F.; Biron, A.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Bouhali, Othmane; Burgess, T.; Carius, S.; Castermans, T.; Chirkin, D.; Conrad, J.; Cooley, J.; Cowen, D. F.; Davour, A.; de Clercq, C.; DeYoung, T.; Desiati, P.; Dewulf, J. P.; Doksus, P.; Ekström, P.; Feser, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gaug, M.; Gerhardt, L.; Goldschmidt, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Hardtke, R.; Hauschildt, T.; Hellwig, M.; Herquet, P.; Hill, G. C.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hundertmark, S.; Jacobsen, J.; Karle, A.; Köpke, L.; Kowalski, M.; Kuehn, K.; Lamoureux, J. I.; Leich, H.; Leuthold, M.; Lindahl, P.; Madsen, J.; Marciniewski, P.; Matis, H. S.; McParland, C. P.; Minaeva, Y.; Miočinović, P.; Morse, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Neunhöffer, T.; Niessen, P.; Nygren, D. R.; Ogelman, H.; Olbrechts, P.; Pérez de los Heros, C.; Pohl, A. C.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richter, S.; Rodríguez Martino, J.; Ross, D.; Sander, H. G.; Schmidt, T.; Schneider, D.; Schwarz, R.; Silvestri, A.; Solarz, M.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Steele, D.; Steffen, P.; Stokstad, R. G.; Sudhoff, P.; Sulanke, K. H.; Taboada, I.; Thollander, L.; Tilav, S.; Walck, C.; Weinheimer, C.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wiedemann, C.; Wischnewski, R.; Wissing, H.; Woschnagg, K.; Yodh, G.; Young, S.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 4858, 01.12.2002, p. 79-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Ahrens, J, Bai, X, Barwick, SW, Becka, T, Becker, KH, Bertrand, D, Binon, F, Biron, A, Böser, S, Botner, O, Bouhali, O, Burgess, T, Carius, S, Castermans, T, Chirkin, D, Conrad, J, Cooley, J, Cowen, DF, Davour, A, de Clercq, C, DeYoung, T, Desiati, P, Dewulf, JP, Doksus, P, Ekström, P, Feser, T, Gaisser, TK, Gaug, M, Gerhardt, L, Goldschmidt, A, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Hardtke, R, Hauschildt, T, Hellwig, M, Herquet, P, Hill, GC, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hundertmark, S, Jacobsen, J, Karle, A, Köpke, L, Kowalski, M, Kuehn, K, Lamoureux, JI, Leich, H, Leuthold, M, Lindahl, P, Madsen, J, Marciniewski, P, Matis, HS, McParland, CP, Minaeva, Y, Miočinović, P, Morse, R, Nahnhauer, R, Neunhöffer, T, Niessen, P, Nygren, DR, Ogelman, H, Olbrechts, P, Pérez de los Heros, C, Pohl, AC, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rawlins, K, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richter, S, Rodríguez Martino, J, Ross, D, Sander, HG, Schmidt, T, Schneider, D, Schwarz, R, Silvestri, A, Solarz, M, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Steele, D, Steffen, P, Stokstad, RG, Sudhoff, P, Sulanke, KH, Taboada, I, Thollander, L, Tilav, S, Walck, C, Weinheimer, C, Wiebusch, CH, Wiedemann, C, Wischnewski, R, Wissing, H, Woschnagg, K, Yodh, G & Young, S 2002, 'Physics and operation of the AMANDA-II high energy neutrino telescope', Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 4858, pp. 79-91. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.477304
Ahrens, J. ; Bai, X. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Becka, T. ; Becker, K. H. ; Bertrand, D. ; Binon, F. ; Biron, A. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Bouhali, Othmane ; Burgess, T. ; Carius, S. ; Castermans, T. ; Chirkin, D. ; Conrad, J. ; Cooley, J. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Davour, A. ; de Clercq, C. ; DeYoung, T. ; Desiati, P. ; Dewulf, J. P. ; Doksus, P. ; Ekström, P. ; Feser, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gaug, M. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Hardtke, R. ; Hauschildt, T. ; Hellwig, M. ; Herquet, P. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hundertmark, S. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Karle, A. ; Köpke, L. ; Kowalski, M. ; Kuehn, K. ; Lamoureux, J. I. ; Leich, H. ; Leuthold, M. ; Lindahl, P. ; Madsen, J. ; Marciniewski, P. ; Matis, H. S. ; McParland, C. P. ; Minaeva, Y. ; Miočinović, P. ; Morse, R. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Neunhöffer, T. ; Niessen, P. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Ogelman, H. ; Olbrechts, P. ; Pérez de los Heros, C. ; Pohl, A. C. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rawlins, K. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richter, S. ; Rodríguez Martino, J. ; Ross, D. ; Sander, H. G. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schneider, D. ; Schwarz, R. ; Silvestri, A. ; Solarz, M. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Steele, D. ; Steffen, P. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Sudhoff, P. ; Sulanke, K. H. ; Taboada, I. ; Thollander, L. ; Tilav, S. ; Walck, C. ; Weinheimer, C. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wiedemann, C. ; Wischnewski, R. ; Wissing, H. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Yodh, G. ; Young, S. / Physics and operation of the AMANDA-II high energy neutrino telescope. In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 2002 ; Vol. 4858. pp. 79-91.
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T1 - Physics and operation of the AMANDA-II high energy neutrino telescope

AU - Ahrens, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Becka, T.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Bertrand, D.

AU - Binon, F.

AU - Biron, A.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Bouhali, Othmane

AU - Burgess, T.

AU - Carius, S.

AU - Castermans, T.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Conrad, J.

AU - Cooley, J.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Davour, A.

AU - de Clercq, C.

AU - DeYoung, T.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - Dewulf, J. P.

AU - Doksus, P.

AU - Ekström, P.

AU - Feser, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gaug, M.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hardtke, R.

AU - Hauschildt, T.

AU - Hellwig, M.

AU - Herquet, P.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hundertmark, S.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Kuehn, K.

AU - Lamoureux, J. I.

AU - Leich, H.

AU - Leuthold, M.

AU - Lindahl, P.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Marciniewski, P.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McParland, C. P.

AU - Minaeva, Y.

AU - Miočinović, P.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Neunhöffer, T.

AU - Niessen, P.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Ogelman, H.

AU - Olbrechts, P.

AU - Pérez de los Heros, C.

AU - Pohl, A. C.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Richter, S.

AU - Rodríguez Martino, J.

AU - Ross, D.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schneider, D.

AU - Schwarz, R.

AU - Silvestri, A.

AU - Solarz, M.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Steele, D.

AU - Steffen, P.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Sudhoff, P.

AU - Sulanke, K. H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Thollander, L.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Weinheimer, C.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Wiedemann, C.

AU - Wischnewski, R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Young, S.

PY - 2002/12/1

Y1 - 2002/12/1

N2 - This paper briefly describes the principle of operation and science goals of the AMANDA high energy neutrino telescope located at the South Pole, Antarctica. Results from an earlier phase of the telescope, called AMANDA-B10, demonstrate both reliable operation and the broad astrophysical reach of this device, which includes searches for a variety of sources of ultrahigh energy neutrinos: generic point sources, Gamma-Ray Bursts and diffuse sources. The predicted sensitivity and angular resolution of the telescope were confirmed by studies of atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. We also report on the status of the analysis from AMANDA-II, a larger version with far greater capabilities. At this stage of analysis, details of the ice properties and other systematic uncertainties of the AMANDA-II telescope are under study, but we have made progress toward critical science objectives. In particular, we focus on the search for continuous emission from astrophysical point sources and the search for correlated neutrino emission from Gamma Ray Bursts detected by BATSE before decommissioning in May 2000. During the next two years, we expect to exploit the full potential of AMANDA-II with the installation of a new data acquisition system that records full waveforms from the in-ice optical sensors.

AB - This paper briefly describes the principle of operation and science goals of the AMANDA high energy neutrino telescope located at the South Pole, Antarctica. Results from an earlier phase of the telescope, called AMANDA-B10, demonstrate both reliable operation and the broad astrophysical reach of this device, which includes searches for a variety of sources of ultrahigh energy neutrinos: generic point sources, Gamma-Ray Bursts and diffuse sources. The predicted sensitivity and angular resolution of the telescope were confirmed by studies of atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. We also report on the status of the analysis from AMANDA-II, a larger version with far greater capabilities. At this stage of analysis, details of the ice properties and other systematic uncertainties of the AMANDA-II telescope are under study, but we have made progress toward critical science objectives. In particular, we focus on the search for continuous emission from astrophysical point sources and the search for correlated neutrino emission from Gamma Ray Bursts detected by BATSE before decommissioning in May 2000. During the next two years, we expect to exploit the full potential of AMANDA-II with the installation of a new data acquisition system that records full waveforms from the in-ice optical sensors.

KW - AGN

KW - AMANDA

KW - Atmospheric neutrinos

KW - GRB

KW - Neutrino

KW - Sensitivity

KW - Telescope

KW - WIMP

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0038529797&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.477304

DO - 10.1117/12.477304

M3 - Conference article

VL - 4858

SP - 79

EP - 91

JO - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

JF - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

SN - 0277-786X

ER -