Photocatalytic performance of Ag doped SnO2 nanoparticles modified with curcumin

K. Vignesh, R. Hariharan, M. Rajarajan, A. Suganthi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Visible light active Ag doped SnO2 nanoparticles modified with curcumin (Cur-Ag-SnO2) have been prepared by a combined precipitation and chemical impregnation route. The optical properties, phase structures and morphologies of the as-prepared nanoparticles were characterized using UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectra (UV-vis-DRS), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The surface area was measured by Brunauer. Emmett. Teller (B.E.T) analysis. Compared to bare SnO2, the surface modified photocatalysts (Ag-SnO2 and Cur-Ag-SnO 2) showed a red shift in the visible region. The photocatalytic activity was monitored via the degradation of rose bengal (RB) dye and the results revealed that Cur-Ag-SnO2 shows better photocatalytic activity than that of Ag-SnO2 and SnO2. The superior photocatalytic activity of Cur-Ag-SnO2 could be attributed to the effective electron-hole separation by surface modification. The effect of photocatalyst concentration, initial dye concentration and electron scavenger on the photocatalytic activity was examined in detail. Furthermore, the antifungal activity of the photocatalysts and the reusability of Cur-Ag-SnO2 were tested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-99
Number of pages9
JournalSolid State Sciences
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Curcumin
Photocatalysts
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Rose Bengal
Electrons
Reusability
Phase structure
Impregnation
X ray powder diffraction
dyes
Surface treatment
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Optical properties
x rays
Degradation
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Ag doping
  • Curcumin
  • Rose Bengal
  • SnO
  • Visible light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Photocatalytic performance of Ag doped SnO2 nanoparticles modified with curcumin. / Vignesh, K.; Hariharan, R.; Rajarajan, M.; Suganthi, A.

In: Solid State Sciences, Vol. 21, 2013, p. 91-99.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vignesh, K. ; Hariharan, R. ; Rajarajan, M. ; Suganthi, A. / Photocatalytic performance of Ag doped SnO2 nanoparticles modified with curcumin. In: Solid State Sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 21. pp. 91-99.
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