Performance evaluation of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation: The effect of seawater-coolant feed arrangement

Young Deuk Kim, Kyaw Thu, Jayaprakash Saththasivam, Kim C. Ng, Noreddine Ghaffour

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) system has been developed for seawater desalination process where the feed seawater is employed as the coolant medium. A rigorous mathematical model for such system is formulated to investigate the performance in terms of distillate production with respect to the seawater-coolant feed flow configurations such as the backward feed and the parallel feed. The VMD model is developed based on the commercially available capillary membrane module (MD020CP2N, Mycrodyn), which consists of an array of porous hydrophobic membranes, assembled together in a shell-and-tube module. The proposed multi-stage VMD desalination system consists of 24 stages with multiple recoveries of condensation heat to the feed seawater, i.e., coolant for the condensation, with the shell diameter of 0.03 m, fiber length of 0.5 m and 100 hollow fibers. It is observed that total distillate production of multi-stage VMD system with parallel feed arrangement is relatively superior as compared to that with backward feed type.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACRA 2014 - Proceedings of the 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
PublisherSociety of Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, SAREK
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, ACRA 2014 - Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 18 May 201421 May 2014

Other

Other7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, ACRA 2014
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island
Period18/5/1421/5/14

Fingerprint

distillation
coolants
Seawater
Distillation
Coolants
Vacuum
membranes
Membranes
vacuum
evaluation
Desalination
Condensation
condensation
modules
fibers
Fibers
hollow
mathematical models
recovery
Mathematical models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Kim, Y. D., Thu, K., Saththasivam, J., Ng, K. C., & Ghaffour, N. (2014). Performance evaluation of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation: The effect of seawater-coolant feed arrangement. In ACRA 2014 - Proceedings of the 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Society of Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, SAREK.

Performance evaluation of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation : The effect of seawater-coolant feed arrangement. / Kim, Young Deuk; Thu, Kyaw; Saththasivam, Jayaprakash; Ng, Kim C.; Ghaffour, Noreddine.

ACRA 2014 - Proceedings of the 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. Society of Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, SAREK, 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kim, YD, Thu, K, Saththasivam, J, Ng, KC & Ghaffour, N 2014, Performance evaluation of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation: The effect of seawater-coolant feed arrangement. in ACRA 2014 - Proceedings of the 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. Society of Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, SAREK, 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, ACRA 2014, Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of, 18/5/14.
Kim YD, Thu K, Saththasivam J, Ng KC, Ghaffour N. Performance evaluation of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation: The effect of seawater-coolant feed arrangement. In ACRA 2014 - Proceedings of the 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. Society of Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, SAREK. 2014
Kim, Young Deuk ; Thu, Kyaw ; Saththasivam, Jayaprakash ; Ng, Kim C. ; Ghaffour, Noreddine. / Performance evaluation of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation : The effect of seawater-coolant feed arrangement. ACRA 2014 - Proceedings of the 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. Society of Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, SAREK, 2014.
@inproceedings{a9f80459b83d4ba7bd503fb9cb098e9a,
title = "Performance evaluation of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation: The effect of seawater-coolant feed arrangement",
abstract = "In this paper, a multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) system has been developed for seawater desalination process where the feed seawater is employed as the coolant medium. A rigorous mathematical model for such system is formulated to investigate the performance in terms of distillate production with respect to the seawater-coolant feed flow configurations such as the backward feed and the parallel feed. The VMD model is developed based on the commercially available capillary membrane module (MD020CP2N, Mycrodyn), which consists of an array of porous hydrophobic membranes, assembled together in a shell-and-tube module. The proposed multi-stage VMD desalination system consists of 24 stages with multiple recoveries of condensation heat to the feed seawater, i.e., coolant for the condensation, with the shell diameter of 0.03 m, fiber length of 0.5 m and 100 hollow fibers. It is observed that total distillate production of multi-stage VMD system with parallel feed arrangement is relatively superior as compared to that with backward feed type.",
author = "Kim, {Young Deuk} and Kyaw Thu and Jayaprakash Saththasivam and Ng, {Kim C.} and Noreddine Ghaffour",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
booktitle = "ACRA 2014 - Proceedings of the 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning",
publisher = "Society of Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, SAREK",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Performance evaluation of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation

T2 - The effect of seawater-coolant feed arrangement

AU - Kim, Young Deuk

AU - Thu, Kyaw

AU - Saththasivam, Jayaprakash

AU - Ng, Kim C.

AU - Ghaffour, Noreddine

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - In this paper, a multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) system has been developed for seawater desalination process where the feed seawater is employed as the coolant medium. A rigorous mathematical model for such system is formulated to investigate the performance in terms of distillate production with respect to the seawater-coolant feed flow configurations such as the backward feed and the parallel feed. The VMD model is developed based on the commercially available capillary membrane module (MD020CP2N, Mycrodyn), which consists of an array of porous hydrophobic membranes, assembled together in a shell-and-tube module. The proposed multi-stage VMD desalination system consists of 24 stages with multiple recoveries of condensation heat to the feed seawater, i.e., coolant for the condensation, with the shell diameter of 0.03 m, fiber length of 0.5 m and 100 hollow fibers. It is observed that total distillate production of multi-stage VMD system with parallel feed arrangement is relatively superior as compared to that with backward feed type.

AB - In this paper, a multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) system has been developed for seawater desalination process where the feed seawater is employed as the coolant medium. A rigorous mathematical model for such system is formulated to investigate the performance in terms of distillate production with respect to the seawater-coolant feed flow configurations such as the backward feed and the parallel feed. The VMD model is developed based on the commercially available capillary membrane module (MD020CP2N, Mycrodyn), which consists of an array of porous hydrophobic membranes, assembled together in a shell-and-tube module. The proposed multi-stage VMD desalination system consists of 24 stages with multiple recoveries of condensation heat to the feed seawater, i.e., coolant for the condensation, with the shell diameter of 0.03 m, fiber length of 0.5 m and 100 hollow fibers. It is observed that total distillate production of multi-stage VMD system with parallel feed arrangement is relatively superior as compared to that with backward feed type.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84928152041&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84928152041&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84928152041

BT - ACRA 2014 - Proceedings of the 7th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

PB - Society of Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea, SAREK

ER -