Performance analysis of fixed-gain AF dual-hop relaying systems over Nakagami-m fading channels in the presence of interference

Fawaz S. AI-Qahtani, Caijun Zhong, Khalid Qaraqe, Hussein AInuweiri, Tharm Ratnarajah

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16 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents an analytical investigation on the performance of interference-limited fixed-gain amplify-and-forward dual-hop relaying systems over Nakagami-m fading channels. Assuming the fading parameter m of the two hop channels being integer, we derive a closed-form expression of the cumulative distribution function of a new type of random variables involving a number of independent gamma random variables, based on which, the outage performance and symbol error rate of the system are examined, and two important performance metrics at the high signal-to-noise ratio regime, namely, diversity order and coding gain, are characterized. Moreover, expressions of the general moments of the end-to-end signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio are derived and then applied in the analysis of the ergodic capacity of the system. In addition, the impact of interference power distribution on the ergodic capacity of the system is studied with the aid of a majorization result. Our findings suggest that the diversity of the system is limited by the hop experiencing severer fading, and co-channel interferences do not reduce the diversity order of the system, instead, they degrade the outage performance by affecting the coding gain of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number190
JournalEurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011



  • amplify-and-forward relaying
  • co-channel interference
  • cooperative communications
  • Nakagami-m fading
  • performance analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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