Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty of Venous Anastomotic Stenoses Complicating Liver Transplantation: Intermediate-term Results

Albert B. Zajko, Rubin Sheng, Klaus Bron, Jorge Reyes, Bakr Nour, Andreas Tzakis

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Abstract

The authors evaluated the safety and efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the treatment of venous stenoses in liver transplant recipients. Over a 5-year period, 15 venous stenoses were treated with PTA in 12 patients with liver transplants (seven children and five adults). PTA was performed for portal vein stenoses in five patients, inferior vena cava (IVC) stenoses (n = 6) in five patients, combined superior mesenteric vein–portal vein graft anastomosis and hepatic vein–IVC anastomosis in one patient, and combined IVC and hepatic vein–IVC anastomosis in one patient. PTA was repeated in three patients (five procedures) for recurrent IVC stenoses. Initial technical and clinical success of PTA was achieved in 11 patients (92%); failure occurred in one patient (8%) with a portal vein anastomotic stenosis. No complications occurred in the immediate post-procedure period (up to 7 days). Nine patients (75%) are clinically well, with follow-up ranging from 7 to 33 months (mean, 18 months). Two of them required one or more repeated PTA procedures to maintain vessel patency. One patient required retransplantation for chronic rejection at 3 months, and another died of gastrointestinal tract bleeding from a gastric ulcer at 2 months after initially successful IVC PTA. PTA is a safe procedure for the treatment of venous anastomotic stenoses in liver transplant recipients. PTA of portal vein anastomotic stenosis has favorable intermediate-term results. Repeat PTA may be necessary in some cases of IVC anastomotic stenoses to maintain vessel patency and avoid surgical revision or retransplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-126
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994

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Keywords

  • 982.128
  • IVC
  • Liver, transplantation, 761.458
  • PTA
  • Portal vein, stenosis or obstruction, 957.458
  • Veins, transluminal angioplasty, 95.128, 957.128
  • Venae cavae, stenosis or obstruction, 982.458
  • inferior vena cava
  • percutaneous transluminal angioplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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