Peierls instability and spin orderings of ultranarrow graphene nanoribbons in graphane

Hyun Jung Kim, Sangchul Oh, Chaggan Zeng, Jun Hyung Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Narrow graphene nanoribbons are a promising channel material for field-effect transistors. Here, using first-principles density functional calculations, we investigate the competition between Peierls instability and spin orderings in zigzag graphene nanoribbons carved in a fully hydrogenated graphene (graphane) as a function of their width N (the number of zigzag C chains composing a nanoribbon). We find that such a nanoribbon with N = 1 undergoes a Peierls instability caused by a strong electron-lattice coupling, leading to a band-gap opening. For N ≥2, the Peierls instability is significantly weakened or disappears because of the interaction of zigzag C chains, whereas a ferromagnetic spin ordering on each side is stabilized by the formation of the localized edge states. We find that the spins on both sides are further stabilized with their antiparallel alignments, accompanying the band gap opening. Therefore, ultranarrow zigzag graphene nanoribbons carved in graphane are semiconducting as a consequence of a Peierls instability or an antiferromagnetic spin ordering between the two edges which is useful for the application of field-effect transistors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13795-13799
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume116
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Nanoribbons
Carbon Nanotubes
Graphite
Graphene
graphene
Field effect transistors
field effect transistors
Energy gap
alignment
Density functional theory
Electrons
electrons
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Peierls instability and spin orderings of ultranarrow graphene nanoribbons in graphane. / Kim, Hyun Jung; Oh, Sangchul; Zeng, Chaggan; Cho, Jun Hyung.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, No. 25, 28.06.2012, p. 13795-13799.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Hyun Jung ; Oh, Sangchul ; Zeng, Chaggan ; Cho, Jun Hyung. / Peierls instability and spin orderings of ultranarrow graphene nanoribbons in graphane. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2012 ; Vol. 116, No. 25. pp. 13795-13799.
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