Paracrine Mechanisms of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Angiogenesis

Selma Maacha, Heba Sidahmed, Shana Jacob, Giusy Gentilcore, Rita Calzone, Jean Charles Grivel, Chiara Cugno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of the mesenchymal stromal cell-(MSC-) derived secretome is becoming increasingly intriguing from a clinical perspective due to its ability to stimulate endogenous tissue repair processes as well as its effective regulation of the immune system, mimicking the therapeutic effects produced by the MSCs. The secretome is a composite product secreted by MSC in vitro (in conditioned medium) and in vivo (in the extracellular milieu), consisting of a protein soluble fraction (mostly growth factors and cytokines) and a vesicular component, extracellular vesicles (EVs), which transfer proteins, lipids, and genetic material. MSC-derived secretome differs based on the tissue from which the MSCs are isolated and under specific conditions (e.g., preconditioning or priming) suggesting that clinical applications should be tailored by choosing the tissue of origin and a priming regimen to specifically correct a given pathology. MSC-derived secretome mediates beneficial angiogenic effects in a variety of tissue injury-related diseases. This supports the current effort to develop cell-free therapeutic products that bring both clinical benefits (reduced immunogenicity, persistence in vivo, and no genotoxicity associated with long-term cell cultures) and manufacturing advantages (reduced costs, availability of large quantities of off-the-shelf products, and lower regulatory burden). In the present review, we aim to give a comprehensive picture of the numerous components of the secretome produced by MSCs derived from the most common tissue sources for clinical use (e.g., AT, BM, and CB). We focus on the factors involved in the complex regulation of angiogenic processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4356359
JournalStem Cells International
Volume2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Maacha, S., Sidahmed, H., Jacob, S., Gentilcore, G., Calzone, R., Grivel, J. C., & Cugno, C. (2020). Paracrine Mechanisms of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Angiogenesis. Stem Cells International, 2020, [4356359]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/4356359