PAR-2 receptor-induced effects on human eccrine sweat gland cells

Douglas Bovell, Barbara Kofler, Roland Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


Serine proteases can induce cell signaling by stimulating G-protein-coupled receptors, called proteinase-activated receptors (PAR's) on a variety of epithelial cells. While PAR-2, one such receptor, activates cell signaling in a secretory cell line derived from human sweat glands, there was no information on their presence and effects on intact sweat glands. PAR-2 presence and activation of eccrine sweat glands isolated from human skin samples was investigated using Western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy (EM) and Ca2+ imaging. Anti-human PAR-2 antibody demonstrated the presence of these receptors in eccrine sweat glands. EM showed that PAR-2 activation resulted in degranulation of secretory cells. Ca 2+ imaging using PAR-2 activators demonstrated a two phase increase in [Ca2+]i which was dependent on extracellular Ca 2+ for the second phase, and that the response could be blocked by prior incubation with xestospongin, the IP3 receptor blocker. The results demonstrated that PAR-2 receptors are present in human sweat gland secretory cells and that these receptors are functionally active and can induce changes associated with secretory events in eccrine glands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-374
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Medical Investigation
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • Eccrine sweat glands
  • Immunofluorescence
  • Proteinase activated receptors
  • Ussing chamber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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