Overexpression of SERCA2 ATPase in vascular smooth muscle cells treated with oxidized low density lipoprotein

Hamid Massaeli, J. Alejandro Austria, Grant N. Pierce

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Oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) has been identified as a potentially important atherogenic factor. Atherosclerosis is characterized by the accumulation of lipid and calcium in the vascular wall. OxLDL plays a significant role in altering calcium homeostasis within different cell types. In our previous study, chronic treatment of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) with oxLDL depressed Ca2+ homeostasis and altered two Ca2+ release mechanisms in these cells (IP3 and ryanodine sensitive channels). The purpose of the present study was to further define the effects of chronic treatment with oxLDL on the smooth muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ pump. One of the primary Ca2+ uptake mechanisms in VSMC is through the SERCA2 ATPase calcium pump in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. VSMC were chronically treated with 0.005-0.1 mg/ml oxLDL for up to 6 days in culture. Cells treated with oxLDL showed a significant increase in the total SERCA2 ATPase content. These changes were observed on both Western blot and immunocytochemical analysis. This increase in SERCA2 ATPase is in striking contrast to a significant decrease in the density of IP3 and ryanodine receptors in VSMC as the result of chronic treatment with oxLDL. This response may suggest a specific adaptive mechanism that the pump undergoes to attempt to maintain Ca2+ homeostasis in VSMC chronically exposed to atherogenic oxLDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-141
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2000
Externally publishedYes



  • Atherosclerosis
  • C
  • Ca pump
  • Ca-ATPase
  • Contraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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