Outstanding adsorption performance of high aspect ratio and super-hydrophobic carbon nanotubes for oil removal

Ahmad Kayvani Fard, Gordon Mckay, Yehia Manawi, Zuhair Malaibari, Muataz Atieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oil removal from water is a highly important area due to the large production rate of emulsified oil in water, which is considered one of the major pollutants, having a negative effect on human health, environment and wildlife. In this study, we have reported the application of high quality carbon nanotube bundles produced by an injected vertical chemical vapor deposition (IV-CVD) reactor for oil removal. High quality, bundles, super hydrophobic, and high aspect ratio carbon nanotubes were produced. The average diameters of the produced CNTs ranged from 20 to 50 nm while their lengths ranged from 300 to 500 μm. Two types of CNTs namely, P-CNTs and C-CNTs, (Produced CNTs from the IV-CVD reactor and commercial CNTs) were used for oil removal from water. For the first time, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was conducted to measure maximum oil uptake using CNT and it was found that P-CNT can take oil up to 17 times their weight. The effect of adsorbent dosage, contact time, and agitation speed were examined on the oil spill clean-up efficiency using batch sorption experiments. Higher efficiency with almost 97% removal was achieved using P-CNTs compared to 87% removal using C-CNTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-155
Number of pages14
JournalChemosphere
Volume164
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Oil emulsion
  • Oil sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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