Optimized Resource Management for PV-Fuel-Cell-Based Microgrids Using Load Characterizations

Fatih Cingoz, Ali Elrayyah, Yilmaz Sozer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)


Maintaining a reliable and cost-effective operation in microgrids has a significant importance. One factor required for optimal operation of the microgrid is to keep a certain energy reserve without unnecessary cost to satisfy load variations. In this paper, an optimal reserve assessment of photovoltaic- and fuel cell-based microgrids is investigated while considering reliability and economic aspects. A typical residential load is predicted to introduce an optimal power sharing approach, and accordingly, to achieve reliable and cost-effective system operation. Load sharing between sources in microgrids affects the cost and also the source's ability in responding to load variations. A nonlinear frequency droop scheme is then used as a tool to achieve the optimization objectives such that the operating cost is minimized without jeopardizing the microgrid's ability of responding to sudden load variations. Presented results confirm the validity of the power sharing approach and verify its effectiveness and feasibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7323816
Pages (from-to)1723-1735
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016



  • DC-AC power conversion
  • power control
  • power conversion
  • power electronics
  • solar energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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