For a two-way relay network (TWRN) with three nodes, we discuss the performance optimization of digital network coding (DNC) and physical network coding (PNC) schemes under the energy harvesting (EH) constraints and peak power constraints. We also consider the energy transfer between nodes, which is referred to as energy co-operation. To find the maximal achievable performance, we first consider the case of offline scheduling, formulate the corresponding optimization problems, find the optimal solutions, as well as present some useful theoretical properties on optimality. Then we move to the online scheduling, and propose both dynamic programming and some intuitive policies to approach the performance of its offline counterpart. Numerical results show that PNC outperforms DNC due to the higher spectrum efficiency and the intrinsic coding gains, under the same conditions. Furthermore, it is observed that if the relay harvests much more energy and shares it with the two source nodes, DNC with energy co-operation scheme has the potential to perform comparable to or even better than PNC without energy co-operation scheme, which validates the importance of energy co-operation in contemporary communication systems.
- energy cooperation
- energy harvesting
- Two-way relaying
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering