Optimal Resource Allocation in Wireless Powered Communication Networks with User Cooperation

Xiaofei Di, Ke Xiong, Pingyi Fan, Hong Chuan Yang, Khaled Letaief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the optimal resource allocation in wireless powered communication network (WPCN) with user cooperation, where two single-antenna users first harvest energy from the signals transmitted by a multi-antenna hybrid access point (H-AP) and then cooperatively send information to the H-AP using their harvested energy. To explore the system information transmission performance limit, an optimization problem is formulated to maximize the weighted sum-rate (WSR) by jointly optimizing energy beamforming vector, time assignment and power allocation. Besides, another optimization problem is also formulated to minimize the total transmission time for given amount of data required to be transmitted at the two sources. Because both problems are non-convex, we first transform them to be convex by using proper variable substitutions and then apply semi-definite relaxation (SDR) to solve them. We theoretically prove that our proposed methods guarantee the global optimum of both problems. Simulation results show that system WSR and transmission time can be significantly enhanced by using energy beamforming and user cooperation. It is observed that when total amount of information of two users is fixed, with the increase of the information amount of the user relatively farther away from the H-AP, the transmission time of the user cooperation scheme decreases while that of the direct transmission increases. Besides, the effects of user position on the system performances are also discussed, which provides some useful insights.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 22 Sep 2017



  • Antennas
  • Array signal processing
  • energy beamforming
  • Information processing
  • Optimization
  • Radio frequency
  • semidefinite programming
  • time assignment
  • Wireless communication
  • Wireless powered communication networks
  • Wireless sensor networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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