One-step combustion synthesis of carbon-coated nanoparticles using multiple-diffusion flames

Nasir K. Memon, Mohamed A. Ismail, Dalaver H. Anjum, Suk Ho Chung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Carbon-coated nanoparticles, such as silica (SiO2) and titania (TiO2) can be used in a wide variety of applications: water splitting, polymer fillers, pigments, precursors for carbide formation, and as an electrode for Li-ion batteries. We propose a novel process for the synthesis of carbon-coated nanoparticles based on the use of multiple-diffusion flames, also known as a multi-element diffusion burner (MEDB, Hencken Burner). Ethylene (C2H4) is used as the precursor carrier gas, which, in a one-step process, enables the growth of carbon-coated nanostructures. The global equivalence ratio is maintained at 0.5, thus providing an oxygen-rich environment. The nanoparticles investigated using this setup are silica and titania, where hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) and titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) are used as these nanoparticles- precursors, respectively. The crystal phase and size of the silica and titania nanoparticles are determined using x-ray diffraction (XRD). The nanoparticles are further characterized using a Raman microspectrometer, where the patterns obtained from the spectrometer are also used to validate the growth of carbon on the nanoparticles. Thermogravimetric analysis is performed to determine the percentage of carbon in the samples. The morphology and crystal structure of the samples are characterized using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), with elemental mapping. The titania particle size ranged from 30 to 50 nm with a uniform carbon coating of 3 to 5 nm, as observed by HRTEM. The Raman pattern confirmed the growth of a graphitic structure in the coated particles, with the carbon content measured at 25% using TGA. The use of MEDB to produce carbon-coated nanoparticles is scalable, and this process could possibly be extended to carbon-coat a wide range of nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013
PublisherWestern States Section/Combustion Institute
Pages1145-1149
Number of pages5
Volume2
ISBN (Print)9781627488426
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013 - Park City, United States
Duration: 19 May 201322 May 2013

Other

Other8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013
CountryUnited States
CityPark City
Period19/5/1322/5/13

Fingerprint

combustion synthesis
Combustion synthesis
diffusion flames
Carbon
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
carbon
titanium
Titanium
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
burners
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
silicon dioxide
Fuel burners
transmission electron microscopy
water splitting
high resolution
pigments
fillers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Memon, N. K., Ismail, M. A., Anjum, D. H., & Chung, S. H. (2013). One-step combustion synthesis of carbon-coated nanoparticles using multiple-diffusion flames. In 8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013 (Vol. 2, pp. 1145-1149). Western States Section/Combustion Institute.

One-step combustion synthesis of carbon-coated nanoparticles using multiple-diffusion flames. / Memon, Nasir K.; Ismail, Mohamed A.; Anjum, Dalaver H.; Chung, Suk Ho.

8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013. Vol. 2 Western States Section/Combustion Institute, 2013. p. 1145-1149.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Memon, NK, Ismail, MA, Anjum, DH & Chung, SH 2013, One-step combustion synthesis of carbon-coated nanoparticles using multiple-diffusion flames. in 8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013. vol. 2, Western States Section/Combustion Institute, pp. 1145-1149, 8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013, Park City, United States, 19/5/13.
Memon NK, Ismail MA, Anjum DH, Chung SH. One-step combustion synthesis of carbon-coated nanoparticles using multiple-diffusion flames. In 8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013. Vol. 2. Western States Section/Combustion Institute. 2013. p. 1145-1149
Memon, Nasir K. ; Ismail, Mohamed A. ; Anjum, Dalaver H. ; Chung, Suk Ho. / One-step combustion synthesis of carbon-coated nanoparticles using multiple-diffusion flames. 8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013. Vol. 2 Western States Section/Combustion Institute, 2013. pp. 1145-1149
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AB - Carbon-coated nanoparticles, such as silica (SiO2) and titania (TiO2) can be used in a wide variety of applications: water splitting, polymer fillers, pigments, precursors for carbide formation, and as an electrode for Li-ion batteries. We propose a novel process for the synthesis of carbon-coated nanoparticles based on the use of multiple-diffusion flames, also known as a multi-element diffusion burner (MEDB, Hencken Burner). Ethylene (C2H4) is used as the precursor carrier gas, which, in a one-step process, enables the growth of carbon-coated nanostructures. The global equivalence ratio is maintained at 0.5, thus providing an oxygen-rich environment. The nanoparticles investigated using this setup are silica and titania, where hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) and titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) are used as these nanoparticles- precursors, respectively. The crystal phase and size of the silica and titania nanoparticles are determined using x-ray diffraction (XRD). The nanoparticles are further characterized using a Raman microspectrometer, where the patterns obtained from the spectrometer are also used to validate the growth of carbon on the nanoparticles. Thermogravimetric analysis is performed to determine the percentage of carbon in the samples. The morphology and crystal structure of the samples are characterized using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), with elemental mapping. The titania particle size ranged from 30 to 50 nm with a uniform carbon coating of 3 to 5 nm, as observed by HRTEM. The Raman pattern confirmed the growth of a graphitic structure in the coated particles, with the carbon content measured at 25% using TGA. The use of MEDB to produce carbon-coated nanoparticles is scalable, and this process could possibly be extended to carbon-coat a wide range of nanoparticles.

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