On the LiNi0.2Mn0.2Co0.6O2 positive electrode material

Yassine Bentaleb, Ismael Saadoune, Kenza Maher, Latifa Saadi, Kenjiro Fujimoto, Shigeru Ito

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Abstract

Layered LiNi0.2Mn0.2Co0.6O2 phase, belonging to a solid solution between LiNi1/2Mn1/2O2 and LiCoO2 most commercialized cathodes, was prepared via the combustion method at 900 °C for a short time (1 h). Structural, electrochemical and magnetic properties of this material were investigated. Rietveld analysis of the XRD pattern shows this compound as having the α-NaFeO2 type structure (S.G. R-3m; a = 2.8399(2) Ǻ; c = 14.165(1) Ǻ) with almost none of the well-known Li/Ni cation disorder. SQUID measurements clearly indicate that the studied compound consists of Ni2+, Co3+ and Mn4+ ions in the crystal structure. X-ray analysis of the chemically delithiated LixNi0.2Mn0.2Co0.6O2 phases reveals that the rhombohedral symmetry was maintained during Li-extraction, confirmed by the monotonous variation of the potential-composition curve of the Li//LixNi0.2Mn0.2Co0.6O2 cell. LiNi0.2Mn0.2Co0.6O2 cathode has a discharge capacity of ∼160 mAh g-1 in the voltage range 2.7-4.3 V corresponding to the extraction/insertion of 0.6 lithium ion with very low polarization. It exhibits a stable capacity on cycling and good rate capability in the rate range 0.2-2 C. The almost 2D structure of this cathode material, its good electrochemical performances and its relatively low cost comparing to LiCoO2, make this material very promising for applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1510-1515
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2010

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Keywords

  • Cathode material
  • Lithium batteries
  • Magnetic properties
  • Rate capability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Bentaleb, Y., Saadoune, I., Maher, K., Saadi, L., Fujimoto, K., & Ito, S. (2010). On the LiNi0.2Mn0.2Co0.6O2 positive electrode material. Journal of Power Sources, 195(5), 1510-1515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.09.026