Numerical investigations on springback characteristics of aluminum sheet metal alloys in warm forming conditions

Hong Seok Kim, Muammer Koç

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the effect of temperature gradients on the final part quality (i.e., springback) in warm forming of lightweight materials. Thermo-mechanically coupled finite element analysis (FEA) models encompassing the heating of the sheet blank and tooling, forming, part ejection, and cooling were developed for simple channel drawing process. A comparison was made between the 2D rigid and 3D elastic tooling FEA models to evaluate the effect of non-uniform temperature distribution and tooling distortion on the forming performance and part quality. The accuracy and reliability of the rigid FEA model were successfully validated through the comparison with the experiments reported in the literature. By accurately measuring the springback amount in three distinct tooling regions (i.e., die corner, punch corner, and side wall), the effect of forming temperature distribution on the part quality were explained in detail under a wide range of operating conditions. In addition, the dependence of springback on blank holder force (BHF), friction condition, and forming rate was also analyzed. The detailed stress distribution of the blank elements was compared to gain a fundamental understanding of the springback mechanism in warm forming process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-383
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Volume204
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Springback
Aluminum sheet
Sheet Metal
Sheet metal
Numerical Investigation
Aluminum
Model Analysis
Finite Element
Temperature Distribution
Finite element method
Temperature distribution
Stress Distribution
Thermal gradients
Cooling
Heating
Stress concentration
Friction
Die
Gradient
Distinct

Keywords

  • Finite element analysis
  • Lightweight materials
  • Springback
  • Warm forming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Numerical investigations on springback characteristics of aluminum sheet metal alloys in warm forming conditions. / Kim, Hong Seok; Koç, Muammer.

In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 204, No. 1-3, 11.08.2008, p. 370-383.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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