Numerical implementation of an elastic-viscoplastic constitutive model to simulate the mechanical behaviour of amorphous polymers

C. A. Bernard, J. P M Correia, Said Ahzi, N. Bahlouli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Due to their high deformation capabilities, polymeric materials are widely used in several industries. However, polymers exhibit a complex behaviour with strain rate, temperature and pressure dependencies. Numerous constitutive models were developed in order to take into account their specific behaviour. Among these models, the ones proposed by Richeton et al Polymer 46:6035–6043 (2005a), Polymer 46:8194–8201 (2005b) seem to be particularly suitable. They proposed expressions for the Young modulus and the yield stress with strain rate and temperature dependence. Moreover, these models were also implemented in a finite elastic-viscoplastic deformation approach using a flow rule based on thermally activated process. The increase of computational capabilities allowed simulating polymer forming processes using finite element (FE) codes. The aim of the study is to implement the proposed constitutive model in a commercial FE code via a user material subroutine. The implementation of the model was verified using compressive tests over a wide range of strain rates. Next, FE simulations of an impact test and of a plane strain forging process were carried out. The FE predictions are in good agreement with the experimental results taken from the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Material Forming
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 23 Jul 2016



  • Amorphous polymers
  • Cooperative model
  • Elasto-viscoplasticity
  • Finite element method
  • Numerical integration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this