Novel role for K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchangers in regulation of cytoplasmic free Ca2+ and contractility in arterial smooth muscle

Hui Dong, Yanfen Jiang, Christopher Triggle, Xiaofang Li, Jonathan Lytton

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytoplasmic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt) is essential for the contraction and relaxation of blood vessels. The role of plasma membrane Na+/Ca2+ exchange (NCX) activity in the regulation of vascular Ca2+ homeostasis was previously ascribed to the NCX1 protein. However, recent studies suggest that a relatively newly discovered K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCKX (gene family SLC24), is also present in vascular smooth muscle. The purpose of the present study was to identify the expression and function of NCKX in arteries. mRNA encoding NCKX3 and NCKX4 was demonstrated by RT-PCR and Northern blot in both rat mesenteric and aortic smooth muscle. NCXK3 and NCKX4 proteins were also demonstrated by immunoblot and immunofluorescence. After voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, store-operated Ca2+ channels, and Na + pump were pharmacologically blocked, when the extracellular Na + was replaced with Li+ (0 Na+) to induce reverse mode (Ca2+ entry) activity of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers, a large increase in [Ca2+]cyt signal was observed in primary cultured aortic smooth muscle cells. About one-half of this [Ca2+]cyt signal depended on the extracellular K +. In addition, after the activity of NCX was inhibited by KB-R7943, Na+ replacement-induced Ca2+ entry was absolutely dependent on extracellular K+. In arterial rings denuded of endothelium, a significant fraction of the phenylephrine-induced and nifedipine-resistant aortic or mesenteric contraction could be prevented by removal of extracellular K+. Taken together, these data provide strong evidence for the expression of NCKX proteins in the vascular smooth muscle and their novel role in mediating agonist-stimulated [Ca 2+]cyt and thereby vascular tone.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume291
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Smooth Muscle
Blood Vessels
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Phenylephrine
Nifedipine
Northern Blotting
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Endothelium
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Proteins
Homeostasis
Arteries
Cell Membrane
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Messenger RNA
Genes
sodium-calcium exchanger 1
2-(2-(4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl)ethyl)isothiourea methanesulfonate

Keywords

  • Calcium homeostasis
  • Rat aorta
  • Vascular tone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Novel role for K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchangers in regulation of cytoplasmic free Ca2+ and contractility in arterial smooth muscle",
abstract = "Cytoplasmic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt) is essential for the contraction and relaxation of blood vessels. The role of plasma membrane Na+/Ca2+ exchange (NCX) activity in the regulation of vascular Ca2+ homeostasis was previously ascribed to the NCX1 protein. However, recent studies suggest that a relatively newly discovered K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCKX (gene family SLC24), is also present in vascular smooth muscle. The purpose of the present study was to identify the expression and function of NCKX in arteries. mRNA encoding NCKX3 and NCKX4 was demonstrated by RT-PCR and Northern blot in both rat mesenteric and aortic smooth muscle. NCXK3 and NCKX4 proteins were also demonstrated by immunoblot and immunofluorescence. After voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, store-operated Ca2+ channels, and Na + pump were pharmacologically blocked, when the extracellular Na + was replaced with Li+ (0 Na+) to induce reverse mode (Ca2+ entry) activity of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers, a large increase in [Ca2+]cyt signal was observed in primary cultured aortic smooth muscle cells. About one-half of this [Ca2+]cyt signal depended on the extracellular K +. In addition, after the activity of NCX was inhibited by KB-R7943, Na+ replacement-induced Ca2+ entry was absolutely dependent on extracellular K+. In arterial rings denuded of endothelium, a significant fraction of the phenylephrine-induced and nifedipine-resistant aortic or mesenteric contraction could be prevented by removal of extracellular K+. Taken together, these data provide strong evidence for the expression of NCKX proteins in the vascular smooth muscle and their novel role in mediating agonist-stimulated [Ca 2+]cyt and thereby vascular tone.",
keywords = "Calcium homeostasis, Rat aorta, Vascular tone",
author = "Hui Dong and Yanfen Jiang and Christopher Triggle and Xiaofang Li and Jonathan Lytton",
year = "2006",
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language = "English",
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journal = "American Journal of Physiology",
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T1 - Novel role for K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchangers in regulation of cytoplasmic free Ca2+ and contractility in arterial smooth muscle

AU - Dong, Hui

AU - Jiang, Yanfen

AU - Triggle, Christopher

AU - Li, Xiaofang

AU - Lytton, Jonathan

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Cytoplasmic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt) is essential for the contraction and relaxation of blood vessels. The role of plasma membrane Na+/Ca2+ exchange (NCX) activity in the regulation of vascular Ca2+ homeostasis was previously ascribed to the NCX1 protein. However, recent studies suggest that a relatively newly discovered K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCKX (gene family SLC24), is also present in vascular smooth muscle. The purpose of the present study was to identify the expression and function of NCKX in arteries. mRNA encoding NCKX3 and NCKX4 was demonstrated by RT-PCR and Northern blot in both rat mesenteric and aortic smooth muscle. NCXK3 and NCKX4 proteins were also demonstrated by immunoblot and immunofluorescence. After voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, store-operated Ca2+ channels, and Na + pump were pharmacologically blocked, when the extracellular Na + was replaced with Li+ (0 Na+) to induce reverse mode (Ca2+ entry) activity of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers, a large increase in [Ca2+]cyt signal was observed in primary cultured aortic smooth muscle cells. About one-half of this [Ca2+]cyt signal depended on the extracellular K +. In addition, after the activity of NCX was inhibited by KB-R7943, Na+ replacement-induced Ca2+ entry was absolutely dependent on extracellular K+. In arterial rings denuded of endothelium, a significant fraction of the phenylephrine-induced and nifedipine-resistant aortic or mesenteric contraction could be prevented by removal of extracellular K+. Taken together, these data provide strong evidence for the expression of NCKX proteins in the vascular smooth muscle and their novel role in mediating agonist-stimulated [Ca 2+]cyt and thereby vascular tone.

AB - Cytoplasmic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt) is essential for the contraction and relaxation of blood vessels. The role of plasma membrane Na+/Ca2+ exchange (NCX) activity in the regulation of vascular Ca2+ homeostasis was previously ascribed to the NCX1 protein. However, recent studies suggest that a relatively newly discovered K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCKX (gene family SLC24), is also present in vascular smooth muscle. The purpose of the present study was to identify the expression and function of NCKX in arteries. mRNA encoding NCKX3 and NCKX4 was demonstrated by RT-PCR and Northern blot in both rat mesenteric and aortic smooth muscle. NCXK3 and NCKX4 proteins were also demonstrated by immunoblot and immunofluorescence. After voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, store-operated Ca2+ channels, and Na + pump were pharmacologically blocked, when the extracellular Na + was replaced with Li+ (0 Na+) to induce reverse mode (Ca2+ entry) activity of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers, a large increase in [Ca2+]cyt signal was observed in primary cultured aortic smooth muscle cells. About one-half of this [Ca2+]cyt signal depended on the extracellular K +. In addition, after the activity of NCX was inhibited by KB-R7943, Na+ replacement-induced Ca2+ entry was absolutely dependent on extracellular K+. In arterial rings denuded of endothelium, a significant fraction of the phenylephrine-induced and nifedipine-resistant aortic or mesenteric contraction could be prevented by removal of extracellular K+. Taken together, these data provide strong evidence for the expression of NCKX proteins in the vascular smooth muscle and their novel role in mediating agonist-stimulated [Ca 2+]cyt and thereby vascular tone.

KW - Calcium homeostasis

KW - Rat aorta

KW - Vascular tone

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U2 - 10.1152/ajpheart.00196.2006

DO - 10.1152/ajpheart.00196.2006

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