Novel application of carbonate fuel cell for capturing carbon dioxide from flue gas streams

Stephen Jolly, Hossein Ghezel-Ayagh, Carl Willman, Dilip Patel, Matthew DiNitto, Olga Marina, Larry Pederson, William Steen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To address concerns about climate change resulting from emission of CO<inf>2</inf> by coal-fueled power plants, FuelCell Energy, Inc. has developed the Combined Electric Power and Carbon-dioxide Separation (CEPACS) system concept. The CEPACS system utilizes Electrochemical Membrane (ECM) technology derived from the Company's Direct FuelCell® products. The system separates the CO<inf>2</inf> from the flue gas of other plants and produces electric power using a supplementary fuel. FCE is currently evaluating the use of ECM to cost effectively separate CO<inf>2</inf> from the flue gas of Pulverized Coal (PC) power plants under a U.S. Department of Energy contract. The overarching objective of the project is to verify that the ECM can achieve at least 90% CO<inf>2</inf> capture from the flue gas with no more than 35% increase in the cost of electricity. The project activities include: 1) laboratory scale operational and performance tests of a membrane assembly, 2) performance tests of the membrane to evaluate the effects of impurities present in the coal plant flue gas, in collaboration with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 3) techno-economic analysis for an ECM-based CO<inf>2</inf> capture system applied to a 550 MW existing PC plant, in partnership with URS Corporation, and 4) bench scale (11.7 m<sup>2</sup> area) testing of an ECM-based CO<inf>2</inf> separation and purification system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationECS Transactions
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages115-127
Number of pages13
Volume65
Edition1
ISBN (Print)9781623321819
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventFuel Cell Seminar and Energy Exposition 2014 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 10 Nov 201413 Nov 2014

Other

OtherFuel Cell Seminar and Energy Exposition 2014
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period10/11/1413/11/14

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Jolly, S., Ghezel-Ayagh, H., Willman, C., Patel, D., DiNitto, M., Marina, O., Pederson, L., & Steen, W. (2015). Novel application of carbonate fuel cell for capturing carbon dioxide from flue gas streams. In ECS Transactions (1 ed., Vol. 65, pp. 115-127). Electrochemical Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1149/06501.0115ecst