Nonrandom hydrogen-bonding model of fluids and their Mixtures. 1. Pure fluids

Costas Panayiotou, Maria Pantoula, Emmanuel Stefanis, Ioannis Tsivintzelis, Ioannis Economou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A unified treatment of the phase equilibria and interfacial properties of fluids is presented. This is done through the development of a framework model, which is applicable to nonpolar systems as well as to highly nonideal systems with strong specific interactions, to systems of small molecules as well as to polymers, glasses, and gels, to liquids as well as to vapors and supercritical systems, and to homogeneous as well as to inhomogeneous systems. One key characteristic of this equation-of-state model is its capacity to estimate the nonrandom distribution of the free volume in the system. A quasi-thermodynamic approach of inhomogeneous systems is used for modeling the fluid-fluid interface. The present model is referred to as the nonrandom hydrogen-bonding model. The key differences between this model and the previous quasi-chemical hydrogen-bonding model are the following: (1) The combinatorial term is replaced by the generalized Staverman term. (2) The nonrandomness factor is also generalized. Two alternative expressions are presented in this work. (3) The shape factor, s, is no longer an adjustable parameter. It is set equal to the UNIFAC q/r ratio and obtained from the corresponding UNIFAC compilations in the literature. (4) A most recent quasi-thermodynamic approach is used for the fluid-fluid interface. In the first part of this series of papers, the model is applied for the estimation of basic thermodynamic properties of pure fluids, such as vapor pressures, orthobaric densities, heats of vaporization, surface tensions, and glass transition temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6592-6606
Number of pages15
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume43
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hydrogen bonds
Fluids
Thermodynamics
Free volume
Vapor pressure
Vaporization
Equations of state
Phase equilibria
Surface tension
Polymers
Thermodynamic properties
Gels
Vapors
Glass
Molecules
Liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Panayiotou, C., Pantoula, M., Stefanis, E., Tsivintzelis, I., & Economou, I. (2004). Nonrandom hydrogen-bonding model of fluids and their Mixtures. 1. Pure fluids. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 43(20), 6592-6606.

Nonrandom hydrogen-bonding model of fluids and their Mixtures. 1. Pure fluids. / Panayiotou, Costas; Pantoula, Maria; Stefanis, Emmanuel; Tsivintzelis, Ioannis; Economou, Ioannis.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 43, No. 20, 29.09.2004, p. 6592-6606.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Panayiotou, C, Pantoula, M, Stefanis, E, Tsivintzelis, I & Economou, I 2004, 'Nonrandom hydrogen-bonding model of fluids and their Mixtures. 1. Pure fluids', Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 43, no. 20, pp. 6592-6606.
Panayiotou, Costas ; Pantoula, Maria ; Stefanis, Emmanuel ; Tsivintzelis, Ioannis ; Economou, Ioannis. / Nonrandom hydrogen-bonding model of fluids and their Mixtures. 1. Pure fluids. In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 2004 ; Vol. 43, No. 20. pp. 6592-6606.
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