In this paper, we present a DFT study of the proton reduction mechanism catalyzed by the complex [Ni(P2 HN2 H)2]2+, bioinspired from the hydrogenases. A detailed analysis of the reactive isomers is discussed together with the localizations of the transitions states and energy minima. The reactive catalytic species is a biprotonated Ni(0) complex that can show different conformations and that can be protonated on different sites. The energies of the different conformations and biprotonated species have been calculated and discussed. Energy barriers for two different reaction mechanisms have been identified in solvent and in gas phase. Frequency calculations have been performed to check the nature of the energy minima and for the calculations of entropic energetic terms and zero point energies. We show that only one conformation is mostly reactive. All the others species are nonreactive in their original form, and they have to pass through conformational barriers in order to transform in the reactive species.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry