Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is an effective rescue treatment for severe cardiorespiratory failure in term or near-term neonates, although a wide range of neurologic sequelae have been noted in a substantial minority of survivors. The objective of the present study was to determine the value of the neonatal electroencephalogram (EEG) for predicting Wechler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised (WPPSI-R), Wide Range Achievement Test, and Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Language scores at early school age in 66 testable survivors of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation who were not severely brain damaged. Technically satisfactory EEG recordings were obtained at least twice following admission to our nursery and prior to discharge. The EEGs were classified and graded according to standard criteria. The developmental test results of those who had only normal or mildly abnormal neonatal EEGs (group 1, n = 9) were compared with those who had at least one moderately or markedly abnormal recording (group 2, n = 57). School-age test and subtest scores were not statistically significantly worse in group 2 versus group 1 infants. No child in group 1 and five children in group 2 had WPPSI-R Full-Scale IQ scores of less than 70. Of the nine children in group 2 who had at least one markedly abnormal neonatal EEG recording (graded as burst suppression or as electrographic seizure), only two had abnormally low WPPSI-R Full-Scale IQ scores. We conclude that EEG recordings obtained during the neonatal course of neonates treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation do not predict cognitive and academic achievement test results in survivors at early school age who were testable and not severely brain damaged.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology