Near-edge x-ray absorption fine-structure study of ion-beam-induced phase transformation in Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7

P. Nachimuthu, S. Thevuthasan, V. Shutthanandan, E. M. Adams, W. J. Weber, B. D. Begg, D. K. Shuh, D. W. Lindle, E. M. Gullikson, R. C C Perera

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Abstract

The structural and electronic properties of Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 (y=0-1) pyrochlores following a 2.0-MeV Au 2+ ion-beam irradiation (∼5.0×10 14 Au 2+/cm 2) have been investigated by Ti 2p and O 1s near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). The irradiation of Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 leads to the phase transformation from the ordered pyrochlore structure (Fd3m) to the defect fluorite structure (Fm3m) regardless of Zr concentration. Irradiated Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 with y<0.5 are amorphous, although significant short-range order is present. Contrasting to this behavior, compositions with y>0.75 retain crystallinity in the defect fluorite structure following irradiation. The local structures of Zr 4+ in the irradiated Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 with y>0.75 determined by NEXAFS are the same as in the cubic fluorite-structured yttria-stabilized zirconia (Y-ZrO 2), thereby providing conclusive evidence for the phase transformation. The TiO 6 octahedra present in Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 are completely modified by ion-beam irradiation to TiO x polyhedra, and the Ti coordination is increased to eight with longer Ti-O bond distances. The similarity between cation sites and the degree of disorder in Gd 2Zr 2O 7 facilitate the rearrangement and relaxation of Gd, Zr, and O ions/defects. This inhibits amorphization during the ion-beam-induced phase transition to the radiation-resistant defect fluorite structure, which is in contrast to the ordered Gd 2Ti 2O 7.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033518
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

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fluorite
x ray absorption
phase transformations
fine structure
ion beams
irradiation
defects
yttria-stabilized zirconia
polyhedrons
crystallinity
disorders
cations
radiation
electronics
ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nachimuthu, P., Thevuthasan, S., Shutthanandan, V., Adams, E. M., Weber, W. J., Begg, B. D., ... Perera, R. C. C. (2005). Near-edge x-ray absorption fine-structure study of ion-beam-induced phase transformation in Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 Journal of Applied Physics, 97(3), [033518]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1840097

Near-edge x-ray absorption fine-structure study of ion-beam-induced phase transformation in Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 . / Nachimuthu, P.; Thevuthasan, S.; Shutthanandan, V.; Adams, E. M.; Weber, W. J.; Begg, B. D.; Shuh, D. K.; Lindle, D. W.; Gullikson, E. M.; Perera, R. C C.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 97, No. 3, 033518, 01.02.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nachimuthu, P, Thevuthasan, S, Shutthanandan, V, Adams, EM, Weber, WJ, Begg, BD, Shuh, DK, Lindle, DW, Gullikson, EM & Perera, RCC 2005, 'Near-edge x-ray absorption fine-structure study of ion-beam-induced phase transformation in Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 ', Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 97, no. 3, 033518. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1840097
Nachimuthu, P. ; Thevuthasan, S. ; Shutthanandan, V. ; Adams, E. M. ; Weber, W. J. ; Begg, B. D. ; Shuh, D. K. ; Lindle, D. W. ; Gullikson, E. M. ; Perera, R. C C. / Near-edge x-ray absorption fine-structure study of ion-beam-induced phase transformation in Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 In: Journal of Applied Physics. 2005 ; Vol. 97, No. 3.
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abstract = "The structural and electronic properties of Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 (y=0-1) pyrochlores following a 2.0-MeV Au 2+ ion-beam irradiation (∼5.0×10 14 Au 2+/cm 2) have been investigated by Ti 2p and O 1s near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). The irradiation of Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 leads to the phase transformation from the ordered pyrochlore structure (Fd3m) to the defect fluorite structure (Fm3m) regardless of Zr concentration. Irradiated Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 with y<0.5 are amorphous, although significant short-range order is present. Contrasting to this behavior, compositions with y>0.75 retain crystallinity in the defect fluorite structure following irradiation. The local structures of Zr 4+ in the irradiated Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 with y>0.75 determined by NEXAFS are the same as in the cubic fluorite-structured yttria-stabilized zirconia (Y-ZrO 2), thereby providing conclusive evidence for the phase transformation. The TiO 6 octahedra present in Gd 2(Ti 1-yZr y) 2O 7 are completely modified by ion-beam irradiation to TiO x polyhedra, and the Ti coordination is increased to eight with longer Ti-O bond distances. The similarity between cation sites and the degree of disorder in Gd 2Zr 2O 7 facilitate the rearrangement and relaxation of Gd, Zr, and O ions/defects. This inhibits amorphization during the ion-beam-induced phase transition to the radiation-resistant defect fluorite structure, which is in contrast to the ordered Gd 2Ti 2O 7.",
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