Nature of formation damage around perforations in petroleum wells

M. A. Rahman, M. Koksal, M. R. Islam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The process of perforating petroleum wells is vital in oil production. One problem with the shooting method of perforating is that the formation around the perforation can be damaged, resulting in significant decline in productivity. A high-amplitude shock wave propagates into the rock matrix around a newly created perforation tunnel and its impulsive action shatters rock grains and cementation. The shock wave reduces the mechanical strength of the rock and generates fines (from cracked grains) in the vicinity of the tunnel. There are three options of perforating conditions: under-balanced, balanced, and overbalanced perforating techniques. In an under-balanced perforation, due to surge flow there is the migration of originally undisturbed fines towards the tunnel, which plug the pore throat and thus impair permeability. This region of high fines concentration is known as the compacted or crushed zone and is a primary source of perforation damage. Another source of damage is residual debris not removed from the tunnel. A balanced shot prevents the surge and its concomitant problems, but it results in a concentration of fines in the immediate vicinity of the liner debris. A lack of back surge in overbalanced perforating further deteriorates the production thus eliminating its benefit. This paper is a review paper discussing the nature of compacted zones around a perforation tunnel. A detailed description of perforation techniques including effect of various parameters in perforating is discussed. As well, all aspects of perforation damage are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCSCE 31st Annual Conf. Proceedings
Subtitle of host publication2003 Building our Civilization - 5th Construc. Specialty Conf., 8th Environ. and Sustainable Eng. Specialty Conf. and Offshore Engineering Specialty Conference
Pages2253-2262
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes
EventCanadian Society for Civil Engineering - 31st Annual Conference: 2003 Building our Civilization - Moncton, NB, Canada
Duration: 4 Jun 20037 Jun 2003

Publication series

NameProceedings, Annual Conference - Canadian Society for Civil Engineering
Volume2003

Other

OtherCanadian Society for Civil Engineering - 31st Annual Conference: 2003 Building our Civilization
CountryCanada
CityMoncton, NB
Period4/6/037/6/03

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Rahman, M. A., Koksal, M., & Islam, M. R. (2003). Nature of formation damage around perforations in petroleum wells. In CSCE 31st Annual Conf. Proceedings: 2003 Building our Civilization - 5th Construc. Specialty Conf., 8th Environ. and Sustainable Eng. Specialty Conf. and Offshore Engineering Specialty Conference (pp. 2253-2262). (Proceedings, Annual Conference - Canadian Society for Civil Engineering; Vol. 2003).