Natural and artificial atoms for quantum computation

Iulia Buluta, Sahel Ashhab, Franco Nori

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

384 Citations (Scopus)


Remarkable progress towards realizing quantum computation has been achieved using natural and artificial atoms as qubits. This paper presents a brief overview of the current status of different types of qubits. On the one hand, natural atoms (such as neutral atoms and ions) have long coherence times, and could be stored in large arrays, providing ideal 'quantum memories'. On the other hand, artificial atoms (such as superconducting circuits or semiconductor quantum dots) have the advantage of custom-designed features and could be used as 'quantum processing units'. Natural and artificial atoms can be coupled with each other and can also be interfaced with photons for long-distance communications. Hybrid devices made of natural/artificial atoms and photons may provide the next-generation design for quantum computers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104401
JournalReports on Progress in Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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