Nanostructured materials for water desalination

T. Humplik, J. Lee, S. C. O'Hern, B. A. Fellman, M. A. Baig, S. F. Hassan, Muataz Atieh, F. Rahman, T. Laoui, R. Karnik, E. N. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

329 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Desalination of seawater and brackish water is becoming an increasingly important means to address the scarcity of fresh water resources in the world. Decreasing the energy requirements and infrastructure costs of existing desalination technologies remains a challenge. By enabling the manipulation of matter and control of transport at nanometer length scales, the emergence of nanotechnology offers new opportunities to advance water desalination technologies. This review focuses on nanostructured materials that are directly involved in the separation of water from salt as opposed to mitigating issues such as fouling. We discuss separation mechanisms and novel transport phenomena in materials including zeolites, carbon nanotubes, and graphene with potential applications to reverse osmosis, capacitive deionization, and multi-stage flash, among others. Such nanostructured materials can potentially enable the development of next-generation desalination systems with increased efficiency and capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number292001
JournalNanotechnology
Volume22
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nanostructures
Desalination
Nanostructured materials
Osmosis
Technology
Water Resources
Zeolites
Carbon Nanotubes
Nanotechnology
Graphite
Water
Seawater
Fresh Water
Salts
Costs and Cost Analysis
Reverse osmosis
Fouling
Water resources
Graphene
Carbon nanotubes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Humplik, T., Lee, J., O'Hern, S. C., Fellman, B. A., Baig, M. A., Hassan, S. F., ... Wang, E. N. (2011). Nanostructured materials for water desalination. Nanotechnology, 22(29), [292001]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/22/29/292001

Nanostructured materials for water desalination. / Humplik, T.; Lee, J.; O'Hern, S. C.; Fellman, B. A.; Baig, M. A.; Hassan, S. F.; Atieh, Muataz; Rahman, F.; Laoui, T.; Karnik, R.; Wang, E. N.

In: Nanotechnology, Vol. 22, No. 29, 292001, 22.07.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Humplik, T, Lee, J, O'Hern, SC, Fellman, BA, Baig, MA, Hassan, SF, Atieh, M, Rahman, F, Laoui, T, Karnik, R & Wang, EN 2011, 'Nanostructured materials for water desalination', Nanotechnology, vol. 22, no. 29, 292001. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/22/29/292001
Humplik T, Lee J, O'Hern SC, Fellman BA, Baig MA, Hassan SF et al. Nanostructured materials for water desalination. Nanotechnology. 2011 Jul 22;22(29). 292001. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/22/29/292001
Humplik, T. ; Lee, J. ; O'Hern, S. C. ; Fellman, B. A. ; Baig, M. A. ; Hassan, S. F. ; Atieh, Muataz ; Rahman, F. ; Laoui, T. ; Karnik, R. ; Wang, E. N. / Nanostructured materials for water desalination. In: Nanotechnology. 2011 ; Vol. 22, No. 29.
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