Nanostructured lithium nickel manganese oxides for lithium-ion batteries

Haixia Deng, Ilias Belharouak, Russel E. Cook, Huiming Wu, Yang Kook Sun, Khalil Amine

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Nanostructured lithium nickel manganese oxides were investigated as advanced positive electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries designated to power plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. The investigation included material characterization and electrochemical testing. In cell tests, the Li1.375 Ni0.25 Mn0.75 O 2.4375 composition achieved high capacity (210 mAh g-1) at an elevated rate (230 mA g-1), which makes this material a promising candidate for high energy density Li-ion batteries, as does its being cobalt-free and uncoated. The material has spherical morphology with nanoprimary particles embedded in micrometer-sized secondary particles, possesses a multiphase character (spinel and layered), and exhibits a high packing density (over 2 g cm-3) that is essential for the design of high energy density positive electrodes. When combined with the Li4 Ti 5 O12 stable anode, the cell showed a capacity of 225 mAh g-1 at the C/3 rate (73 mA g-1) with no capacity fading for 200 cycles. Other chemical compositions, Li(1+x) Ni 0.25 Mn0.75 O(2.25+x/2) (0.32 ≤ x ≤ 0.65), were also studied, and the relationships among their structural, morphological, and electrochemical properties are reported.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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