Nanoscale phase separation, cation ordering, and surface chemistry in pristine Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 for Li-ion batteries

Meng Gu, Arda Genc, Ilias Belharouak, Dapeng Wang, Khalil Amine, Suntharampillai Thevuthasan, Donald R. Baer, Ji Guang Zhang, Nigel D. Browning, Jun Liu, Chongmin Wang

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130 Citations (Scopus)


Li-rich layered material Li1.2Ni0.2Mn 0.6O2 possesses high voltage and high specific capacity, which makes it an attractive candidate for the transportation industry and sustainable energy storage systems. The rechargeable capacity of the Li-ion battery is linked largely to the structural stability of the cathode materials during the charge-discharge cycles. However, the structure and cation distribution in pristine Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O 2 have not yet been fully characterized. Using a combination of aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy, X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy (XEDS), electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), and complementary multislice image simulation, we have probed the crystal structure, cation/anion distribution, and electronic structure of the Li 1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 nanoparticle. The electronic structure and valence state of transition-metal ions show significant variations, which have been identified to be attributed to the oxygen deficiency near certain particle surfaces. Characterization of the nanoscale phase separation and cation ordering in the pristine material are critical for understanding the capacity and voltage fading of this material for battery application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2319-2326
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2013



  • Li-ion batteries
  • Li-rich layered composite
  • LiNiMn O
  • cation ordering
  • oxygen vacancies
  • phase separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Gu, M., Genc, A., Belharouak, I., Wang, D., Amine, K., Thevuthasan, S., Baer, D. R., Zhang, J. G., Browning, N. D., Liu, J., & Wang, C. (2013). Nanoscale phase separation, cation ordering, and surface chemistry in pristine Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 for Li-ion batteries. Chemistry of Materials, 25(11), 2319-2326.