Muscle lim protein isoform negatively regulates striated muscle actin dynamics and differentiation

Elizabeth Vafiadaki, Demetrios A. Arvanitis, Vasiliki Papalouka, Gerasimos Terzis, Theodoros I. Roumeliotis, Konstantinos Spengos, Spiros D. Garbis, Panagiota Manta, Evangelia G. Kranias, Despina Sanoudou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Muscle lim protein (MLP) has emerged as a critical regulator of striated muscle physiology and pathophysiology. Mutations in cysteine and glycine-rich protein 3 (CSRP3), the gene encoding MLP, have been directly associated with human cardiomyopathies, whereas aberrant expression patterns are reported in human cardiac and skeletal muscle diseases. Increasing evidence suggests that MLP has an important role in both myogenic differentiation and myocyte cytoarchitecture, although the full spectrum of its intracellular roles has not been delineated. We report the discovery of an alternative splice variant of MLP, designated as MLP-b, showing distinct expression in neuromuscular disease and direct roles in actin dynamics and muscle differentiation. This novel isoform originates by alternative splicing of exons 3 and 4. At the protein level, it contains the N-terminus first half LIM domain of MLP and a unique sequence of 22 amino acids. Physiologically, it is expressed during early differentiation, whereas its overexpression reduces C2C12 differentiation and myotube formation. This may be mediated through its inhibition of MLP/cofilin-2-mediated F-actin dynamics. In differentiated striated muscles, MLP-b localizes to the sarcomeres and binds directly to Z-disc components, including α-actinin, T-cap and MLP. The findings of the present study unveil a novel player in muscle physiology and pathophysiology that is implicated in myogenesis as a negative regulator of myotube formation, as well as in differentiated striated muscles as a contributor to sarcomeric integrity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3261-3279
Number of pages19
JournalFEBS Journal
Volume281
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Striated Muscle
Muscle Proteins
Muscle
Actins
Protein Isoforms
Skeletal Muscle Fibers
Proteins
Cofilin 2
Actinin
Muscles
Neuromuscular Diseases
Sarcomeres
Physiology
Muscle Development
Alternative Splicing
Cardiomyopathies
Muscle Cells
Amino Acid Sequence
Exons
Myocardium

Keywords

  • isoform
  • MLP
  • myotube differentiation
  • sarcomere
  • skeletal myopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Vafiadaki, E., Arvanitis, D. A., Papalouka, V., Terzis, G., Roumeliotis, T. I., Spengos, K., ... Sanoudou, D. (2014). Muscle lim protein isoform negatively regulates striated muscle actin dynamics and differentiation. FEBS Journal, 281(14), 3261-3279. https://doi.org/10.1111/febs.12859

Muscle lim protein isoform negatively regulates striated muscle actin dynamics and differentiation. / Vafiadaki, Elizabeth; Arvanitis, Demetrios A.; Papalouka, Vasiliki; Terzis, Gerasimos; Roumeliotis, Theodoros I.; Spengos, Konstantinos; Garbis, Spiros D.; Manta, Panagiota; Kranias, Evangelia G.; Sanoudou, Despina.

In: FEBS Journal, Vol. 281, No. 14, 01.01.2014, p. 3261-3279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vafiadaki, E, Arvanitis, DA, Papalouka, V, Terzis, G, Roumeliotis, TI, Spengos, K, Garbis, SD, Manta, P, Kranias, EG & Sanoudou, D 2014, 'Muscle lim protein isoform negatively regulates striated muscle actin dynamics and differentiation', FEBS Journal, vol. 281, no. 14, pp. 3261-3279. https://doi.org/10.1111/febs.12859
Vafiadaki E, Arvanitis DA, Papalouka V, Terzis G, Roumeliotis TI, Spengos K et al. Muscle lim protein isoform negatively regulates striated muscle actin dynamics and differentiation. FEBS Journal. 2014 Jan 1;281(14):3261-3279. https://doi.org/10.1111/febs.12859
Vafiadaki, Elizabeth ; Arvanitis, Demetrios A. ; Papalouka, Vasiliki ; Terzis, Gerasimos ; Roumeliotis, Theodoros I. ; Spengos, Konstantinos ; Garbis, Spiros D. ; Manta, Panagiota ; Kranias, Evangelia G. ; Sanoudou, Despina. / Muscle lim protein isoform negatively regulates striated muscle actin dynamics and differentiation. In: FEBS Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 281, No. 14. pp. 3261-3279.
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