Muon track reconstruction and data selection techniques in AMANDA

J. Ahrens, X. Bai, R. Bay, S. W. Barwick, T. Becka, J. K. Becker, K. H. Becker, E. Bernardini, D. Bertrand, A. Biron, D. J. Boersma, S. Böser, O. Botner, A. Bouchta, Othmane Bouhali, T. Burgess, S. Carius, T. Castermans, D. Chirkin, B. CollinJ. Conrad, J. Cooley, D. F. Cowen, A. Davour, C. De Clercq, T. DeYoung, P. Desiati, J. P. Dewulf, P. Ekström, T. Feser, M. Gaug, T. K. Gaisser, R. Ganugapati, H. Geenen, L. Gerhardt, A. Groß, A. Goldschmidt, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, R. Hardtke, T. Harenberg, T. Hauschildt, K. Helbing, M. Hellwig, P. Herquet, G. C. Hill, D. Hubert, B. Hughey, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hundertmark, J. Jacobsen, A. Karle, M. Kestel, L. Köpke, M. Kowalski, K. Kuehn, J. I. Lamoureux, H. Leich, M. Leuthold, P. Lindahl, I. Liubarsky, J. Madsen, P. Marciniewski, H. S. Matis, C. P. McParland, T. Messarius, Y. Minaeva, P. Miočinović, P. C. Mock, R. Morse, K. S. Münich, J. Nam, R. Nahnhauer, T. Neunhöffer, P. Niessen, D. R. Nygren, H. Ögelman, Ph Olbrechts, C. Pérez De Los Heros, A. C. Pohl, R. Porrata, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, K. Rawlins, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, S. Richter, J. Rodríguez Martino, D. Ross, H. G. Sander, K. Schinarakis, S. Schlenstedt, T. Schmidt, D. Schneider, C. H. Wiebusch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

204 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA) is a high-energy neutrino telescope operating at the geographic South Pole. It is a lattice of photo-multiplier tubes buried deep in the polar ice between 1500 and 2000 m. The primary goal of this detector is to discover astrophysical sources of high-energy neutrinos. A high-energy muon neutrino coming through the earth from the Northern Hemisphere can be identified by the secondary muon moving upward through the detector. The muon tracks are reconstructed with a maximum likelihood method. It models the arrival times and amplitudes of Cherenkov photons registered by the photo-multipliers. This paper describes the different methods of reconstruction, which have been successfully implemented within AMANDA. Strategies for optimizing the reconstruction performance and rejecting background are presented. For a typical analysis procedure the direction of tracks are reconstructed with about 2° accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-194
Number of pages26
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume524
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

muons
neutrinos
Detectors
detectors
Telescopes
Maximum likelihood
Ice
multipliers
photomultiplier tubes
Poles
Northern Hemisphere
Photons
Earth (planet)
arrivals
energy
astrophysics
ice
poles
telescopes
photons

Keywords

  • AMANDA
  • Neutrino astrophysics
  • Neutrino telescope
  • Track reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Muon track reconstruction and data selection techniques in AMANDA. / Ahrens, J.; Bai, X.; Bay, R.; Barwick, S. W.; Becka, T.; Becker, J. K.; Becker, K. H.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Biron, A.; Boersma, D. J.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Bouchta, A.; Bouhali, Othmane; Burgess, T.; Carius, S.; Castermans, T.; Chirkin, D.; Collin, B.; Conrad, J.; Cooley, J.; Cowen, D. F.; Davour, A.; De Clercq, C.; DeYoung, T.; Desiati, P.; Dewulf, J. P.; Ekström, P.; Feser, T.; Gaug, M.; Gaisser, T. K.; Ganugapati, R.; Geenen, H.; Gerhardt, L.; Groß, A.; Goldschmidt, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Hardtke, R.; Harenberg, T.; Hauschildt, T.; Helbing, K.; Hellwig, M.; Herquet, P.; Hill, G. C.; Hubert, D.; Hughey, B.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hundertmark, S.; Jacobsen, J.; Karle, A.; Kestel, M.; Köpke, L.; Kowalski, M.; Kuehn, K.; Lamoureux, J. I.; Leich, H.; Leuthold, M.; Lindahl, P.; Liubarsky, I.; Madsen, J.; Marciniewski, P.; Matis, H. S.; McParland, C. P.; Messarius, T.; Minaeva, Y.; Miočinović, P.; Mock, P. C.; Morse, R.; Münich, K. S.; Nam, J.; Nahnhauer, R.; Neunhöffer, T.; Niessen, P.; Nygren, D. R.; Ögelman, H.; Olbrechts, Ph; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Pohl, A. C.; Porrata, R.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richter, S.; Martino, J. Rodríguez; Ross, D.; Sander, H. G.; Schinarakis, K.; Schlenstedt, S.; Schmidt, T.; Schneider, D.; Wiebusch, C. H.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 524, No. 1-3, 21.05.2004, p. 169-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahrens, J, Bai, X, Bay, R, Barwick, SW, Becka, T, Becker, JK, Becker, KH, Bernardini, E, Bertrand, D, Biron, A, Boersma, DJ, Böser, S, Botner, O, Bouchta, A, Bouhali, O, Burgess, T, Carius, S, Castermans, T, Chirkin, D, Collin, B, Conrad, J, Cooley, J, Cowen, DF, Davour, A, De Clercq, C, DeYoung, T, Desiati, P, Dewulf, JP, Ekström, P, Feser, T, Gaug, M, Gaisser, TK, Ganugapati, R, Geenen, H, Gerhardt, L, Groß, A, Goldschmidt, A, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Hardtke, R, Harenberg, T, Hauschildt, T, Helbing, K, Hellwig, M, Herquet, P, Hill, GC, Hubert, D, Hughey, B, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hundertmark, S, Jacobsen, J, Karle, A, Kestel, M, Köpke, L, Kowalski, M, Kuehn, K, Lamoureux, JI, Leich, H, Leuthold, M, Lindahl, P, Liubarsky, I, Madsen, J, Marciniewski, P, Matis, HS, McParland, CP, Messarius, T, Minaeva, Y, Miočinović, P, Mock, PC, Morse, R, Münich, KS, Nam, J, Nahnhauer, R, Neunhöffer, T, Niessen, P, Nygren, DR, Ögelman, H, Olbrechts, P, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Pohl, AC, Porrata, R, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rawlins, K, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richter, S, Martino, JR, Ross, D, Sander, HG, Schinarakis, K, Schlenstedt, S, Schmidt, T, Schneider, D & Wiebusch, CH 2004, 'Muon track reconstruction and data selection techniques in AMANDA', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 524, no. 1-3, pp. 169-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2004.01.065
Ahrens, J. ; Bai, X. ; Bay, R. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Becka, T. ; Becker, J. K. ; Becker, K. H. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bertrand, D. ; Biron, A. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Bouchta, A. ; Bouhali, Othmane ; Burgess, T. ; Carius, S. ; Castermans, T. ; Chirkin, D. ; Collin, B. ; Conrad, J. ; Cooley, J. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Davour, A. ; De Clercq, C. ; DeYoung, T. ; Desiati, P. ; Dewulf, J. P. ; Ekström, P. ; Feser, T. ; Gaug, M. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Ganugapati, R. ; Geenen, H. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Groß, A. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Hardtke, R. ; Harenberg, T. ; Hauschildt, T. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellwig, M. ; Herquet, P. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hubert, D. ; Hughey, B. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hundertmark, S. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Karle, A. ; Kestel, M. ; Köpke, L. ; Kowalski, M. ; Kuehn, K. ; Lamoureux, J. I. ; Leich, H. ; Leuthold, M. ; Lindahl, P. ; Liubarsky, I. ; Madsen, J. ; Marciniewski, P. ; Matis, H. S. ; McParland, C. P. ; Messarius, T. ; Minaeva, Y. ; Miočinović, P. ; Mock, P. C. ; Morse, R. ; Münich, K. S. ; Nam, J. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Neunhöffer, T. ; Niessen, P. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Ögelman, H. ; Olbrechts, Ph ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Pohl, A. C. ; Porrata, R. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rawlins, K. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richter, S. ; Martino, J. Rodríguez ; Ross, D. ; Sander, H. G. ; Schinarakis, K. ; Schlenstedt, S. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schneider, D. ; Wiebusch, C. H. / Muon track reconstruction and data selection techniques in AMANDA. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2004 ; Vol. 524, No. 1-3. pp. 169-194.
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Muon track reconstruction and data selection techniques in AMANDA

AU - Ahrens, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Becka, T.

AU - Becker, J. K.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bertrand, D.

AU - Biron, A.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Bouchta, A.

AU - Bouhali, Othmane

AU - Burgess, T.

AU - Carius, S.

AU - Castermans, T.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Collin, B.

AU - Conrad, J.

AU - Cooley, J.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Davour, A.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - DeYoung, T.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - Dewulf, J. P.

AU - Ekström, P.

AU - Feser, T.

AU - Gaug, M.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Ganugapati, R.

AU - Geenen, H.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Groß, A.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hardtke, R.

AU - Harenberg, T.

AU - Hauschildt, T.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellwig, M.

AU - Herquet, P.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hubert, D.

AU - Hughey, B.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hundertmark, S.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kestel, M.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Kuehn, K.

AU - Lamoureux, J. I.

AU - Leich, H.

AU - Leuthold, M.

AU - Lindahl, P.

AU - Liubarsky, I.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Marciniewski, P.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McParland, C. P.

AU - Messarius, T.

AU - Minaeva, Y.

AU - Miočinović, P.

AU - Mock, P. C.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Münich, K. S.

AU - Nam, J.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Neunhöffer, T.

AU - Niessen, P.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Ögelman, H.

AU - Olbrechts, Ph

AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

AU - Pohl, A. C.

AU - Porrata, R.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Richter, S.

AU - Martino, J. Rodríguez

AU - Ross, D.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Schinarakis, K.

AU - Schlenstedt, S.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schneider, D.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

PY - 2004/5/21

Y1 - 2004/5/21

N2 - The Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA) is a high-energy neutrino telescope operating at the geographic South Pole. It is a lattice of photo-multiplier tubes buried deep in the polar ice between 1500 and 2000 m. The primary goal of this detector is to discover astrophysical sources of high-energy neutrinos. A high-energy muon neutrino coming through the earth from the Northern Hemisphere can be identified by the secondary muon moving upward through the detector. The muon tracks are reconstructed with a maximum likelihood method. It models the arrival times and amplitudes of Cherenkov photons registered by the photo-multipliers. This paper describes the different methods of reconstruction, which have been successfully implemented within AMANDA. Strategies for optimizing the reconstruction performance and rejecting background are presented. For a typical analysis procedure the direction of tracks are reconstructed with about 2° accuracy.

AB - The Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA) is a high-energy neutrino telescope operating at the geographic South Pole. It is a lattice of photo-multiplier tubes buried deep in the polar ice between 1500 and 2000 m. The primary goal of this detector is to discover astrophysical sources of high-energy neutrinos. A high-energy muon neutrino coming through the earth from the Northern Hemisphere can be identified by the secondary muon moving upward through the detector. The muon tracks are reconstructed with a maximum likelihood method. It models the arrival times and amplitudes of Cherenkov photons registered by the photo-multipliers. This paper describes the different methods of reconstruction, which have been successfully implemented within AMANDA. Strategies for optimizing the reconstruction performance and rejecting background are presented. For a typical analysis procedure the direction of tracks are reconstructed with about 2° accuracy.

KW - AMANDA

KW - Neutrino astrophysics

KW - Neutrino telescope

KW - Track reconstruction

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U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2004.01.065

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2004.01.065

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AN - SCOPUS:2342660756

VL - 524

SP - 169

EP - 194

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

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ER -