Multiple-Layer Power Allocation for Two-user Gaussian Interference Channel

Zhengchuan Chen, Yunquan Dong, Pingyi Fan, Dapeng Oliver Wu, Khaled Letaief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Interference has been a key challenge to wireless networks. As a fundamental transmission unit, the Gaussian interference channel (GIC) provides much insight on understanding the optimal transmission policy and the transmission limit over wireless networks. This paper investigates the multiple-layer power allocation of GIC that maximizes the system sum-rate. We first derive the optimal signal-layer power allocation and the corresponding sum-rate in closed form for all cases of weak interference GIC based on the rate splitting scheme. Theoretical result indicates that: (1) In low power and asymmetric power regimes, the rate splitting scheme degrades to the pure public or private message transmission at transmitters and simple successive decoding process is efficient enough at receivers; (2) The signal-layer sum-rate is not concave for weak interference GIC and a frequency division scheme brings strict positive sum-rate gain for some power constraints. The relationship between the optimal bandwidth-power allocation of the frequency division scheme and the concave envelope of signal-layer sum-rate is specified. Finally, considering general GIC with time-varying flat fading, we present an optimal channel-state-layer power allocation associated with rate splitting and frequency division. Numerical results demonstrate that the comprehensive power allocation over the signal-layer, the frequency subbands, and the channel states can largely increase the sum-rate of weak interference GIC in most scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Jun 2017



  • fading channel
  • Gaussian interference channel
  • power allocation
  • rate splitting
  • subband division

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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