Molecular Simulation Studies of the Diffusion of Methane, Ethane, Propane, and Propylene in ZIF-8

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Abstract

ZIF-8 is a strong candidate for propane/propylene separation, which is regarded as one of the most industrially demanding. Molecular simulation of this separation must account for the flexibility of the structure, which enables the adsorption and diffusion of molecules with kinetic diameter larger than the apertures of the pores. Moreover, this simulation requires modeling subtle changes since the strong sieving effect upon the mixture depends on the very small differences between propane and propylene molecular sizes (∼0.2 Å). In this work, a new force-field for the ZIF-8 structure has been developed from DFT calculations in simplified structures. The new parameter set reproduces structural properties in very good agreement with the experimental measurements reported in literature. Molecular dynamics simulations and the Widom test particle insertion method were then employed for the calculation of diffusivities, activation energies and adsorption properties of propane and propylene. The results are in agreement with experiments and demonstrate that the sieving of such a mixture is a kinetic driven separation process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27028-27037
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume119
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2015

Fingerprint

Propane
Ethane
Methane
propylene
propane
ethane
Propylene
methane
Adsorption
Kinetics
adsorption
simulation
Computer simulation
kinetics
Discrete Fourier transforms
field theory (physics)
diffusivity
Molecular dynamics
Structural properties
insertion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Molecular Simulation Studies of the Diffusion of Methane, Ethane, Propane, and Propylene in ZIF-8",
abstract = "ZIF-8 is a strong candidate for propane/propylene separation, which is regarded as one of the most industrially demanding. Molecular simulation of this separation must account for the flexibility of the structure, which enables the adsorption and diffusion of molecules with kinetic diameter larger than the apertures of the pores. Moreover, this simulation requires modeling subtle changes since the strong sieving effect upon the mixture depends on the very small differences between propane and propylene molecular sizes (∼0.2 {\AA}). In this work, a new force-field for the ZIF-8 structure has been developed from DFT calculations in simplified structures. The new parameter set reproduces structural properties in very good agreement with the experimental measurements reported in literature. Molecular dynamics simulations and the Widom test particle insertion method were then employed for the calculation of diffusivities, activation energies and adsorption properties of propane and propylene. The results are in agreement with experiments and demonstrate that the sieving of such a mixture is a kinetic driven separation process.",
author = "Panagiotis Krokidas and Marcelo Castier and {Moncho Escriva}, Salvador and Edward Brothers and Ioannis Economou",
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publisher = "American Chemical Society",
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T1 - Molecular Simulation Studies of the Diffusion of Methane, Ethane, Propane, and Propylene in ZIF-8

AU - Krokidas, Panagiotis

AU - Castier, Marcelo

AU - Moncho Escriva, Salvador

AU - Brothers, Edward

AU - Economou, Ioannis

PY - 2015/11/9

Y1 - 2015/11/9

N2 - ZIF-8 is a strong candidate for propane/propylene separation, which is regarded as one of the most industrially demanding. Molecular simulation of this separation must account for the flexibility of the structure, which enables the adsorption and diffusion of molecules with kinetic diameter larger than the apertures of the pores. Moreover, this simulation requires modeling subtle changes since the strong sieving effect upon the mixture depends on the very small differences between propane and propylene molecular sizes (∼0.2 Å). In this work, a new force-field for the ZIF-8 structure has been developed from DFT calculations in simplified structures. The new parameter set reproduces structural properties in very good agreement with the experimental measurements reported in literature. Molecular dynamics simulations and the Widom test particle insertion method were then employed for the calculation of diffusivities, activation energies and adsorption properties of propane and propylene. The results are in agreement with experiments and demonstrate that the sieving of such a mixture is a kinetic driven separation process.

AB - ZIF-8 is a strong candidate for propane/propylene separation, which is regarded as one of the most industrially demanding. Molecular simulation of this separation must account for the flexibility of the structure, which enables the adsorption and diffusion of molecules with kinetic diameter larger than the apertures of the pores. Moreover, this simulation requires modeling subtle changes since the strong sieving effect upon the mixture depends on the very small differences between propane and propylene molecular sizes (∼0.2 Å). In this work, a new force-field for the ZIF-8 structure has been developed from DFT calculations in simplified structures. The new parameter set reproduces structural properties in very good agreement with the experimental measurements reported in literature. Molecular dynamics simulations and the Widom test particle insertion method were then employed for the calculation of diffusivities, activation energies and adsorption properties of propane and propylene. The results are in agreement with experiments and demonstrate that the sieving of such a mixture is a kinetic driven separation process.

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