Modeling of multicomponent vapor-liquid equilibria for polymer-solvent systems

Thomas Lindvig, Ioannis Economou, Ronald P. Danner, Michael L. Michelsen, Georgios M. Kontogeorgis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A broad variety of thermodynamic models were used for the prediction of vapor-liquid equilibria (VLE) of ternary polymer-mixed solvent systems. Two fundamentally different types of models were used. The first group consists of purely predictive models based on the group-contribution concept and on the Hansen solubility parameters. These are the activity coefficient models Entropic-FV/UNIFAC, UNIFAC FV, Flory-Huggins/Hansen, GC-Flory and the equation of state GCLF. The second group consists of the molecular models SAFT equation of state, Entropic-FV/UNIQUAC, Flory-Huggins and the Panayiotou-Vera equations of state. For these models, binary interaction parameters were estimated from experimental vapor-liquid equilibria (VLE) data for binary systems, and the behavior of the ternary systems was then predicted using these parameters. The models were tested on the basis of all existing literature data, and the accuracy of the predictions were found to vary, more depending on the system than on the model used. In general, the models provide similar results, and the differences between the models fall within the uncertainty of the experimental data. The accuracy of the molecular models is at the same level as the group-contribution models. This is surprising, but the comparison is based on limited experimental, some of which may be associated with uncertainties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume220
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

liquid-vapor equilibrium
Phase equilibria
Polymers
polymers
Equations of state
equations of state
Activity coefficients
Ternary systems
ternary systems
predictions
solubility
Solubility
Thermodynamics

Keywords

  • AD, average absolute deviation
  • ALD, average absolute logarithmic deviation
  • Av., average
  • Calc., calculated
  • Disp, dispersion
  • EFV, Entropic-FV
  • EoS, equation of state
  • Exp., experimental
  • FH, Flory-Huggins
  • FV, free volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Modeling of multicomponent vapor-liquid equilibria for polymer-solvent systems. / Lindvig, Thomas; Economou, Ioannis; Danner, Ronald P.; Michelsen, Michael L.; Kontogeorgis, Georgios M.

In: Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 220, No. 1, 15.06.2004, p. 11-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lindvig, Thomas ; Economou, Ioannis ; Danner, Ronald P. ; Michelsen, Michael L. ; Kontogeorgis, Georgios M. / Modeling of multicomponent vapor-liquid equilibria for polymer-solvent systems. In: Fluid Phase Equilibria. 2004 ; Vol. 220, No. 1. pp. 11-20.
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