Modeling of Friction Stir Processing using 3D CFD analysis

S. Z. Aljoaba, I. S. Jawahir, O. W. Dillon, M. H. Ali, Marwan Khraisheh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Friction Stir Processing (FSP) has emerged as an effective tool for enhancing sheet metal properties through microstructural modification of processed materials. Despite the large number of studies, most of the work that has been done in the FSP field focuses primarily on experimental work. Only limited modeling attempts on temperature distribution and strain rate analysis have been conducted. In this work, a three dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model was developed to simulate FSP using the STAR CCM+ CFD commercial software. User-defined subroutines were developed and implemented to investigate the effects of process parameters on temperature, strain rate, flow stress and material velocity fields in, and around, the processed nugget. In addition, a correlation between process parameters and the Zener-Holloman parameter was developed to predict the grain size distribution in the processed zone. Different stirring conditions were incorporated in this study to investigate their effects on material flow and microstructural modification. The modeling results were compared with the available experimental data and showed good agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-318
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Material Forming
Volume2
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dynamic analysis
Computational fluid dynamics
Friction
Strain rate
Processing
Subroutines
Sheet metal
Plastic flow
Dynamic models
Temperature distribution
Temperature

Keywords

  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Dynamic viscosity
  • FSP
  • Grain size
  • Strain rate
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Modeling of Friction Stir Processing using 3D CFD analysis. / Aljoaba, S. Z.; Jawahir, I. S.; Dillon, O. W.; Ali, M. H.; Khraisheh, Marwan.

In: International Journal of Material Forming, Vol. 2, No. SUPPL. 1, 01.12.2009, p. 315-318.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aljoaba, S. Z. ; Jawahir, I. S. ; Dillon, O. W. ; Ali, M. H. ; Khraisheh, Marwan. / Modeling of Friction Stir Processing using 3D CFD analysis. In: International Journal of Material Forming. 2009 ; Vol. 2, No. SUPPL. 1. pp. 315-318.
@article{d5400b9f3dd14aea93baa47f5667feab,
title = "Modeling of Friction Stir Processing using 3D CFD analysis",
abstract = "Friction Stir Processing (FSP) has emerged as an effective tool for enhancing sheet metal properties through microstructural modification of processed materials. Despite the large number of studies, most of the work that has been done in the FSP field focuses primarily on experimental work. Only limited modeling attempts on temperature distribution and strain rate analysis have been conducted. In this work, a three dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model was developed to simulate FSP using the STAR CCM+ CFD commercial software. User-defined subroutines were developed and implemented to investigate the effects of process parameters on temperature, strain rate, flow stress and material velocity fields in, and around, the processed nugget. In addition, a correlation between process parameters and the Zener-Holloman parameter was developed to predict the grain size distribution in the processed zone. Different stirring conditions were incorporated in this study to investigate their effects on material flow and microstructural modification. The modeling results were compared with the available experimental data and showed good agreement.",
keywords = "Computational Fluid Dynamics, Dynamic viscosity, FSP, Grain size, Strain rate, Temperature",
author = "Aljoaba, {S. Z.} and Jawahir, {I. S.} and Dillon, {O. W.} and Ali, {M. H.} and Marwan Khraisheh",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s12289-009-0662-y",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "315--318",
journal = "International Journal of Material Forming",
issn = "1960-6206",
publisher = "Springer Paris",
number = "SUPPL. 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling of Friction Stir Processing using 3D CFD analysis

AU - Aljoaba, S. Z.

AU - Jawahir, I. S.

AU - Dillon, O. W.

AU - Ali, M. H.

AU - Khraisheh, Marwan

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - Friction Stir Processing (FSP) has emerged as an effective tool for enhancing sheet metal properties through microstructural modification of processed materials. Despite the large number of studies, most of the work that has been done in the FSP field focuses primarily on experimental work. Only limited modeling attempts on temperature distribution and strain rate analysis have been conducted. In this work, a three dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model was developed to simulate FSP using the STAR CCM+ CFD commercial software. User-defined subroutines were developed and implemented to investigate the effects of process parameters on temperature, strain rate, flow stress and material velocity fields in, and around, the processed nugget. In addition, a correlation between process parameters and the Zener-Holloman parameter was developed to predict the grain size distribution in the processed zone. Different stirring conditions were incorporated in this study to investigate their effects on material flow and microstructural modification. The modeling results were compared with the available experimental data and showed good agreement.

AB - Friction Stir Processing (FSP) has emerged as an effective tool for enhancing sheet metal properties through microstructural modification of processed materials. Despite the large number of studies, most of the work that has been done in the FSP field focuses primarily on experimental work. Only limited modeling attempts on temperature distribution and strain rate analysis have been conducted. In this work, a three dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model was developed to simulate FSP using the STAR CCM+ CFD commercial software. User-defined subroutines were developed and implemented to investigate the effects of process parameters on temperature, strain rate, flow stress and material velocity fields in, and around, the processed nugget. In addition, a correlation between process parameters and the Zener-Holloman parameter was developed to predict the grain size distribution in the processed zone. Different stirring conditions were incorporated in this study to investigate their effects on material flow and microstructural modification. The modeling results were compared with the available experimental data and showed good agreement.

KW - Computational Fluid Dynamics

KW - Dynamic viscosity

KW - FSP

KW - Grain size

KW - Strain rate

KW - Temperature

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84856025925&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84856025925&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12289-009-0662-y

DO - 10.1007/s12289-009-0662-y

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 315

EP - 318

JO - International Journal of Material Forming

JF - International Journal of Material Forming

SN - 1960-6206

IS - SUPPL. 1

ER -