Modeling hydrodynamics and aquaculture waste transport in coastal Maine

Vijay Panchang, G. Cheng, Carter Newell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Net-pen aquaculture results in the introduction of excess fish food and fecal matter in coastal waters. These wastes may modify the benthic environment. Mathematical models are developed in this study to simulate tidal and wind-driven currents, waves, and the resulting dispersion of fish food and fecal matter in coastal Maine, a region where limited modelling studies have been performed. Cobscook Bay and Toothacher Bay in Maine are studied in detail through the use of mathematical models and field data. We find that a systematic, site-specific, step-by-step modeling strategy involving the use of numerical models to simulate the overall hydrodynamic environment in combination with a waste-particle transport model can be an extremely powerful method of determining a priori whether aquaculture operations will cause high rates of net-pen waste accumulation at a particular site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-41
Number of pages28
JournalEstuaries
Volume20
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

waste transport
Aquaculture
hydrodynamics
aquaculture
Hydrodynamics
net pens
Fish
Mathematical models
wind-driven current
modeling
benthic environment
mathematical models
food
fish
benthic zone
coastal water
Numerical models
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Modeling hydrodynamics and aquaculture waste transport in coastal Maine. / Panchang, Vijay; Cheng, G.; Newell, Carter.

In: Estuaries, Vol. 20, No. 1, 03.1997, p. 14-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Panchang, V, Cheng, G & Newell, C 1997, 'Modeling hydrodynamics and aquaculture waste transport in coastal Maine', Estuaries, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 14-41.
Panchang, Vijay ; Cheng, G. ; Newell, Carter. / Modeling hydrodynamics and aquaculture waste transport in coastal Maine. In: Estuaries. 1997 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 14-41.
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