Mitigating variability of high penetration photovoltaic systems in a community smart microgrid using non-flat photovoltaic modules

Mohammad B. Shadmand, Robert Balog

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)


Utilization of renewable energy sources continues to gain popularity. However, two major limitations exist that prevent widespread adoption: variability of electricity generated and cost of the equipment needed. Emerging photovoltaic (PV) technologies have enabled the creation of non-flat PV modules. Distributed generation (DG) grid-tied photovoltaic systems using non-flat modules with centralized battery back-up can help mitigate the variability of PV systems with flat modules. Thus it is an attractive system to meet go green mandates while also providing reliable electricity. The proposed sizing approach is based on high temporal rate collected insolation data sampled every 10 seconds instead of more commonly used hourly data rate. The methodology presented in this paper employs a techno-economic approach to determine the optimal system design to guarantee reliable electricity supply with lowest investment. The results show that using non-flat PV modules can reduce loss of load probability compare to flat modules while minimizing the capital investment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2013
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event5th Annual IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition, ECCE 2013 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: 15 Sep 201319 Sep 2013


Other5th Annual IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition, ECCE 2013
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

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