Migration of Cr-vacancy clusters and interstitial Cr in α-Fe using the dimer method

D. Chen, F. Gao, W. Y. Hu, S. Y. Hu, D. Terentyev, X. Sun, H. L. Heinisch, C. H. Henager, M. A. Khaleel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The migration mechanisms and the corresponding activation energies of Cr-vacancy (Cr-V) clusters and Cr interstitials in α-Fe have been investigated using the dimer and the nudged elastic-band methods. Dimer searches are employed to find the possible transition states of these defects and the lowest-energy paths are used to determine the energy barriers for migration. A substitutional Cr atom can migrate to a nearest-neighbor vacancy through an energy barrier of 0.56 eV but this simple mechanism alone is unlikely to lead to the long-distance migration of Cr unless there is a supersaturated concentration of vacancies in the system. The Cr-vacancy clusters can lead to long-distance migration of a Cr atom that is accomplished by Fe and Cr atoms successively jumping to nearest-neighbor vacancy positions, defined as a self-vacancy-assisted migration mechanism, with the migration energies ranging from 0.64 to 0.89 eV. In addition, a mixed Cr-Fe dumbbell interstitial can easily migrate through Fe lattices, with the migration energy barrier of 0.17, which is lower than that of the Fe-Fe interstitial. The on-site rotation of the Cr-Fe interstitial and Cr atom hopping from one site to another are believed to comprise the dominant migration mechanism. The calculated binding energies of Cr-V clusters are strongly dependent on the size of clusters and the concentration of Cr atoms in clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064101
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dimers
Vacancies
interstitials
dimers
Energy barriers
Atoms
atoms
energy
Binding energy
Activation energy
binding energy
Defects
activation energy
defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Migration of Cr-vacancy clusters and interstitial Cr in α-Fe using the dimer method. / Chen, D.; Gao, F.; Hu, W. Y.; Hu, S. Y.; Terentyev, D.; Sun, X.; Heinisch, H. L.; Henager, C. H.; Khaleel, M. A.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 81, No. 6, 064101, 01.02.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, D, Gao, F, Hu, WY, Hu, SY, Terentyev, D, Sun, X, Heinisch, HL, Henager, CH & Khaleel, MA 2010, 'Migration of Cr-vacancy clusters and interstitial Cr in α-Fe using the dimer method', Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 81, no. 6, 064101. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.81.064101
Chen, D. ; Gao, F. ; Hu, W. Y. ; Hu, S. Y. ; Terentyev, D. ; Sun, X. ; Heinisch, H. L. ; Henager, C. H. ; Khaleel, M. A. / Migration of Cr-vacancy clusters and interstitial Cr in α-Fe using the dimer method. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2010 ; Vol. 81, No. 6.
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