Microwave assisted preparation of calcium hydroxide and barium hydroxide nanoparticles and their application for conservation of cultural heritage

Khaled Saoud, Imen Ibala, Dana El Ladki, Omar Ezzeldeen, Shaukat Saeed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we present the microwave-assisted synthesis and characterization of alkaline nanomaterials for the preservation of cultural heritage. Calcium and barium hydroxide nanomaterials suspended in aqueous as well as alcoholic medium were applied on different samples to check their effectiveness. The effect of treatment was measured using pH value and alkaline reserve test. The alkaline reserve test results indicate improvement in the alkaline buffer with significant reduction in acidity of the papers and improvement in pH value of the surfaces. Ethanol was found as best solvent on the basis of suspension of nanoparticles, pH value and ease of application through spray gun. Accelerated ageing test revealed that the reinforcement effect of these nanomaterials persisted throughout the ageing. All the results converged in individuating these nanometric particles as an innovative, completely compatible, and efficient material for the consolidation of old and new paper surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-352
Number of pages11
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Publication statusPublished - 2014



  • Alkaline reserve
  • Barium hydroxide
  • Calcium hydroxide
  • Cultural heritage
  • Nanomaterials
  • Paper deacidification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

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