MicroRNAs as important regulators of the NLRP3 inflammasome

Parvin Zamani, Reza Kazemi Oskuee, Stephen L. Atkin, Jamshid Gholizadeh Navashenaq, Amirhossein Sahebkar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inflammasomes are a group of cytosolic multi-protein signaling complexes that regulate maturation of the interleukin (IL)-1 family cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 through activation of inflammatory caspase-1. The NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is the best characterized and consists of several key components that are assembled and activated in response to different endogenous and exogenous signals. The NLRP3 inflammasome is common to a number of human inflammatory diseases and its targeting may lead to novel anti-inflammatory therapy. NLRP3 inflammasome activation is tightly regulated by different mechanisms especially post-transcriptional modulation via microRNAs (miRNA). MicroRNAs are small endogenous noncoding RNAs that are 21–23 nucleotides in length and control the expression of various genes through binding to the 3′-untranslated regions of the respective mRNA and subsequent post-transcriptional regulation. MicroRNAs have recently been recognized as crucial regulators of the NLRP3 inflammasome. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of the role of miRNAs in the regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome complexes and their impact on the pathogenesis of inflammatory disease processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-61
Number of pages12
JournalProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Caspase-1
  • IL-18
  • IL-1β
  • Inflammation
  • MicroRNA
  • NLRP3 inflammasomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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