Micromechanical characterization of single-walled carbon nanotube reinforced ethylidene norbornene nanocomposites for self-healing applications

B. Aïssa, E. Haddad, W. Jamroz, S. Hassani, R. D. Farahani, P. G. Merle, D. Therriault

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the fabrication of self-healing nanocomposite materials, consisting of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) reinforced 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene (5E2N) healing agent - reacted with ruthenium Grubbs catalyst - by means of ultrasonication, followed by a three-roll mixing mill process. The kinetics of the 5E2N ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) was studied as a function of the reaction temperature and the SWCNT loads. Our results demonstrated that the ROMP reaction was still effective in a large temperature domain (1545°C), occurring at very short time scales (less than 1min at 40°C). On the other hand, the micro-indentation analysis performed on the SWCNT/5E2N nanocomposite material after its ROMP polymerization showed a clear increase in both the hardness and the Young modulus - up to nine times higher than that of the virgin polymer - when SWCNT loads range only from 0.1 to 2wt%. The approach demonstrated here opens new prospects for using carbon nanotube and healing agent nanocomposite materials for self-repair functionality, especially in a space environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105028
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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