Microbial characterization of Qatari Barchans and Dunes

Sara Abdul Majid, Michael F. Graw, Aspassia D. Chatziefthimiou, Hanh Nguyen, Renee Richer, Michel Louge, Ali Sultan, Patrick Schloss, Anthony G. Hay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study represents the first characterization of sand microbiota in migrating barchan sand dunes. Bacterial communities were studied through direct counts and cultivation, as well as 16S rRNA gene and metagenomic sequence analysis to gain an understanding of microbial abundance, diversity, and potential metabolic capabilities. Direct on-grain cell counts gave an average of 5.3 ± 0.4 × 105 cells g-1 of sand. Cultured isolates (N = 64) selected for 16S rRNA gene sequencing belonged to the phyla Actinobacteria (58%), Firmicutes (27%) and Proteobacteria (15%). Deep-sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons from 18 dunes demonstrated a high relative abundance of Proteobacteria, particularly enteric bacteria, and a dune-specific-pattern of bacterial community composition that correlated with dune size. Shotgun metagenome sequences of two representative dunes were analyzed and found to have similar relative bacterial abundance, though the relative abundances of eukaryotic, viral and enterobacterial sequences were greater in sand from the dune closer to a camel-pen. Functional analysis revealed patterns similar to those observed in desert soils; however, the increased relative abundance of genes encoding sporulation and dormancy are consistent with the dune microbiome being well-adapted to the exceptionally hyper-arid Qatari desert.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0161836
JournalPLoS One
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

dunes
rRNA Genes
Proteobacteria
Sand
Microbiota
Genes
Metagenome
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
Metagenomics
Camelus
Actinobacteria
Firearms
Enterobacteriaceae
ribosomal RNA
Functional analysis
sand
Gene encoding
Sequence Analysis
bacterial communities
Soil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Abdul Majid, S., Graw, M. F., Chatziefthimiou, A. D., Nguyen, H., Richer, R., Louge, M., ... Hay, A. G. (2016). Microbial characterization of Qatari Barchans and Dunes. PLoS One, 11(9), [e0161836]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161836

Microbial characterization of Qatari Barchans and Dunes. / Abdul Majid, Sara; Graw, Michael F.; Chatziefthimiou, Aspassia D.; Nguyen, Hanh; Richer, Renee; Louge, Michel; Sultan, Ali; Schloss, Patrick; Hay, Anthony G.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 11, No. 9, e0161836, 01.09.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abdul Majid, S, Graw, MF, Chatziefthimiou, AD, Nguyen, H, Richer, R, Louge, M, Sultan, A, Schloss, P & Hay, AG 2016, 'Microbial characterization of Qatari Barchans and Dunes', PLoS One, vol. 11, no. 9, e0161836. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161836
Abdul Majid S, Graw MF, Chatziefthimiou AD, Nguyen H, Richer R, Louge M et al. Microbial characterization of Qatari Barchans and Dunes. PLoS One. 2016 Sep 1;11(9). e0161836. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161836
Abdul Majid, Sara ; Graw, Michael F. ; Chatziefthimiou, Aspassia D. ; Nguyen, Hanh ; Richer, Renee ; Louge, Michel ; Sultan, Ali ; Schloss, Patrick ; Hay, Anthony G. / Microbial characterization of Qatari Barchans and Dunes. In: PLoS One. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 9.
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