Objective: IGF-1 is known for its various physiological and severe pathophysiological effects on human metabolism; however, underlying molecular mechanisms still remain unsolved. To reveal possible molecular mechanisms mediating these effects, for the first time, we associated serum IGF-1 levels with multifluid untargeted metabolomics data. Methods: Plasma/urine samples of 995 nondiabetic participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania were characterized by mass spectrometry. Sex-specific linear regression analyses were performed to assess the association of IGF-1 and IGF-1/IGF binding protein 3 ratio with metabolites. Additionally, the predictive ability of the plasma and urine metabolome for IGF-1 was assessed by orthogonal partial least squares analyses. Results and Conclusions: We revealed a multifaceted image of associated metabolites with large sex differences. Confirming previous reports, we detected relations between IGF-1 and steroid hormones or related intermediates. Furthermore, various associated metabolites were previously mentioned regarding IGF-1-associated diseases, eg, betaine and cortisol in cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome,lipid disorders,anddiabetes,orhavepreviouslybeenfoundtoassociatewithdifferentiation and proliferation or mitochondrial functionality, eg, phospholipids. bradykinin, fatty acid derivatives, and cortisol, which were inversely associated with IGF-1, might establish a link of IGF-1 with inflammation. For the first time,weshowedanassociationbetweenIGF-1andpipecolate,ametabolite linked to amino acid metabolism. Our study demonstrates that IGF-1 action on metabolism is tractable, even in healthy subjects, and that the findings provide a solid basis for further experimental/clinical investigation, eg, searching for inflammatory or cardiovascular disease- or metabolic syndromeassociated biomarkers and therapeutic targets.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical