Mesoporous TiO 2 -BiOBr microspheres with tailorable adsorption capacities for photodegradation of organic water pollutants

Probing adsorption-photocatalysis synergy by combining experiments and kinetic modeling

Wei Deng, Fuping Pan, Bill Batchelor, Bahngmi Jung, Peng Zhang, Ahmed Abdel-Wahab, Hongcai Zhou, Ying Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding the adsorption-photocatalysis synergy helps advance solar-driven photodegradation of organic wastewater pollutants. To evaluate the synergy, mesoporous TiO 2 (amorphous)-BiOBr microspheres were facilely synthesized as model photocatalysts and characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM/HRTEM, XPS, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, UV-vis DRS, photoluminescence, and FTIR. The characterizations and photodegradation tests suggested that the composites had both adsorption sites and photocatalysis sites on the BiOBr phase, while homogeneously distributed TiO 2 in BiOBr microplates tailored the size of BiOBr crystallites. Accordingly, the surface areas of the composites spanned from 22 to 155 m 2 g -1 and the adsorption capacities for methyl orange (MO) ranged from 16 to 54 mg g -1 , controlled by the TiO 2 content. In addition to experiments, kinetic modeling that combined adsorption with photocatalysis was developed and aided in elucidating the synergy and quantitatively evaluating the composites with extracted rate constants from experimental data. The rate constant of the composite (Ti/Bi = 0.6) was calculated to be 3 times that of the pure BiOBr. Though adsorption promoted MO photodegradation, the capacity of the composite for MO adsorption and photodegradation decreased dramatically during the cycling tests. Nevertheless, this problem did not happen during photodegradation of rhodamine B and phenol on the composite and photodegradation of MO on pure BiOBr. This was explained by the possible accumulation of degradation intermediates on the composite surface. This study provides a useful approach to investigate the adsorption-photocatalysis synergy from the perspectives of experiments and kinetic modeling and implies the necessity of scrutinizing the adverse effects of high levels of adsorption on the recyclability of photocatalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-781
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Science: Water Research and Technology
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

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Photocatalysis
Photodegradation
photodegradation
Microspheres
adsorption
Adsorption
kinetics
Kinetics
modeling
Water
Composite materials
experiment
Experiments
Photocatalysts
Rate constants
water pollutant
microplate
Crystallites
X-ray spectroscopy
Phenols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

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title = "Mesoporous TiO 2 -BiOBr microspheres with tailorable adsorption capacities for photodegradation of organic water pollutants: Probing adsorption-photocatalysis synergy by combining experiments and kinetic modeling",
abstract = "Understanding the adsorption-photocatalysis synergy helps advance solar-driven photodegradation of organic wastewater pollutants. To evaluate the synergy, mesoporous TiO 2 (amorphous)-BiOBr microspheres were facilely synthesized as model photocatalysts and characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM/HRTEM, XPS, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, UV-vis DRS, photoluminescence, and FTIR. The characterizations and photodegradation tests suggested that the composites had both adsorption sites and photocatalysis sites on the BiOBr phase, while homogeneously distributed TiO 2 in BiOBr microplates tailored the size of BiOBr crystallites. Accordingly, the surface areas of the composites spanned from 22 to 155 m 2 g -1 and the adsorption capacities for methyl orange (MO) ranged from 16 to 54 mg g -1 , controlled by the TiO 2 content. In addition to experiments, kinetic modeling that combined adsorption with photocatalysis was developed and aided in elucidating the synergy and quantitatively evaluating the composites with extracted rate constants from experimental data. The rate constant of the composite (Ti/Bi = 0.6) was calculated to be 3 times that of the pure BiOBr. Though adsorption promoted MO photodegradation, the capacity of the composite for MO adsorption and photodegradation decreased dramatically during the cycling tests. Nevertheless, this problem did not happen during photodegradation of rhodamine B and phenol on the composite and photodegradation of MO on pure BiOBr. This was explained by the possible accumulation of degradation intermediates on the composite surface. This study provides a useful approach to investigate the adsorption-photocatalysis synergy from the perspectives of experiments and kinetic modeling and implies the necessity of scrutinizing the adverse effects of high levels of adsorption on the recyclability of photocatalysts.",
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T1 - Mesoporous TiO 2 -BiOBr microspheres with tailorable adsorption capacities for photodegradation of organic water pollutants

T2 - Probing adsorption-photocatalysis synergy by combining experiments and kinetic modeling

AU - Deng, Wei

AU - Pan, Fuping

AU - Batchelor, Bill

AU - Jung, Bahngmi

AU - Zhang, Peng

AU - Abdel-Wahab, Ahmed

AU - Zhou, Hongcai

AU - Li, Ying

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Understanding the adsorption-photocatalysis synergy helps advance solar-driven photodegradation of organic wastewater pollutants. To evaluate the synergy, mesoporous TiO 2 (amorphous)-BiOBr microspheres were facilely synthesized as model photocatalysts and characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM/HRTEM, XPS, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, UV-vis DRS, photoluminescence, and FTIR. The characterizations and photodegradation tests suggested that the composites had both adsorption sites and photocatalysis sites on the BiOBr phase, while homogeneously distributed TiO 2 in BiOBr microplates tailored the size of BiOBr crystallites. Accordingly, the surface areas of the composites spanned from 22 to 155 m 2 g -1 and the adsorption capacities for methyl orange (MO) ranged from 16 to 54 mg g -1 , controlled by the TiO 2 content. In addition to experiments, kinetic modeling that combined adsorption with photocatalysis was developed and aided in elucidating the synergy and quantitatively evaluating the composites with extracted rate constants from experimental data. The rate constant of the composite (Ti/Bi = 0.6) was calculated to be 3 times that of the pure BiOBr. Though adsorption promoted MO photodegradation, the capacity of the composite for MO adsorption and photodegradation decreased dramatically during the cycling tests. Nevertheless, this problem did not happen during photodegradation of rhodamine B and phenol on the composite and photodegradation of MO on pure BiOBr. This was explained by the possible accumulation of degradation intermediates on the composite surface. This study provides a useful approach to investigate the adsorption-photocatalysis synergy from the perspectives of experiments and kinetic modeling and implies the necessity of scrutinizing the adverse effects of high levels of adsorption on the recyclability of photocatalysts.

AB - Understanding the adsorption-photocatalysis synergy helps advance solar-driven photodegradation of organic wastewater pollutants. To evaluate the synergy, mesoporous TiO 2 (amorphous)-BiOBr microspheres were facilely synthesized as model photocatalysts and characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM/HRTEM, XPS, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, UV-vis DRS, photoluminescence, and FTIR. The characterizations and photodegradation tests suggested that the composites had both adsorption sites and photocatalysis sites on the BiOBr phase, while homogeneously distributed TiO 2 in BiOBr microplates tailored the size of BiOBr crystallites. Accordingly, the surface areas of the composites spanned from 22 to 155 m 2 g -1 and the adsorption capacities for methyl orange (MO) ranged from 16 to 54 mg g -1 , controlled by the TiO 2 content. In addition to experiments, kinetic modeling that combined adsorption with photocatalysis was developed and aided in elucidating the synergy and quantitatively evaluating the composites with extracted rate constants from experimental data. The rate constant of the composite (Ti/Bi = 0.6) was calculated to be 3 times that of the pure BiOBr. Though adsorption promoted MO photodegradation, the capacity of the composite for MO adsorption and photodegradation decreased dramatically during the cycling tests. Nevertheless, this problem did not happen during photodegradation of rhodamine B and phenol on the composite and photodegradation of MO on pure BiOBr. This was explained by the possible accumulation of degradation intermediates on the composite surface. This study provides a useful approach to investigate the adsorption-photocatalysis synergy from the perspectives of experiments and kinetic modeling and implies the necessity of scrutinizing the adverse effects of high levels of adsorption on the recyclability of photocatalysts.

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