Membrane distillation

A comprehensive review

Abdullah Alkhudhiri, Naif Darwish, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

933 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Membrane Distillation (MD) is a thermally-driven separation process, in which only vapour molecules transfer through a microporous hydrophobic membrane. The driving force in the MD process is the vapour pressure difference induced by the temperature difference across the hydrophobic membrane. This process has various applications, such as desalination, wastewater treatment and in the food industry.This review addresses membrane characteristics, membrane-related heat and mass transfer concepts, fouling and the effects of operating condition. State of the art research results in these different areas will be presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-18
Number of pages17
JournalDesalination
Volume287
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

distillation
Distillation
membrane
Membranes
food industry
Desalination
Fouling
Vapor pressure
vapor pressure
fouling
Wastewater treatment
desalination
heat transfer
mass transfer
Mass transfer
Vapors
Heat transfer
Molecules
Industry
temperature

Keywords

  • AGMD
  • Desalination
  • Membrane
  • Membrane distillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Membrane distillation : A comprehensive review. / Alkhudhiri, Abdullah; Darwish, Naif; Hilal, Nidal.

In: Desalination, Vol. 287, 15.11.2012, p. 2-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alkhudhiri, A, Darwish, N & Hilal, N 2012, 'Membrane distillation: A comprehensive review', Desalination, vol. 287, pp. 2-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.08.027
Alkhudhiri, Abdullah ; Darwish, Naif ; Hilal, Nidal. / Membrane distillation : A comprehensive review. In: Desalination. 2012 ; Vol. 287. pp. 2-18.
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