Membrane distillation: A comprehensive review

Abdullah Alkhudhiri, Naif Darwish, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1034 Citations (Scopus)


Membrane Distillation (MD) is a thermally-driven separation process, in which only vapour molecules transfer through a microporous hydrophobic membrane. The driving force in the MD process is the vapour pressure difference induced by the temperature difference across the hydrophobic membrane. This process has various applications, such as desalination, wastewater treatment and in the food industry.This review addresses membrane characteristics, membrane-related heat and mass transfer concepts, fouling and the effects of operating condition. State of the art research results in these different areas will be presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-18
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes



  • AGMD
  • Desalination
  • Membrane
  • Membrane distillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

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