In a typical quantum circuit, nonlocal quantum gates are applied to nonproximal qubits. If the underlying physical interactions are short-range (e.g., exchange interactions between spins), intermediate swap operations must be introduced, thus increasing the circuit depth. Here we develop a class of "mediated" gates for spin qubits, which act on nonproximal spins via intermediate ancilla qubits. At the end of the operation, the ancillae return to their initial states. We show how these mediated gates can be used (1) to generate arbitrary quantum states and (2) to construct arbitrary quantum gates. We provide some explicit examples of circuits that generate common states [e.g., Bell, Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ), W, and cluster states] and gates (e.g., √swap, swap, cnot, and Toffoli gates). We show that the depths of these circuits are often shorter than those of conventional swap-based circuits. We also provide an explicit experimental proposal for implementing a mediated gate in a triple-quantum-dot system.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Dec 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics