Measuring subnational digital gender inequality in India through gender gaps in Facebook use

Yelena Mejova, Harsh Rajiv Gandhi, Tejas Jivanbhai Rafaliya, Mayank Rameshbhai Sitapara, Ridhi Kashyap, Ingmar Weber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Improving digital literacy and reducing gender inequalities in internet access and use have been recognized as important development targets within the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Tracking progress on digital gender inequalities however is challenging due to limited gender-disaggregated data, especially in less developed country contexts and at the subnational level. We show how data obtained from social media advertising APIs can be used to generate a real-time measure of digital gender inequality. Using data from the Facebook (FB) Marketing API, we document gender gaps in FB use across Indian states and examine to what extent state-level development indicators help predict these gender gaps. Higher GDP per capita, literacy and internet penetration are associated with lower gender gaps in FB presence. These state-level development predictors however are only able to explain a small proportion (7.3%) of the overall variation in gender gaps on FB. Employment-related occupational or industry characteristics from within FB emerge as important variables associated with more gender-balanced FB use.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 1st ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies, COMPASS 2018
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
ISBN (Electronic)9781450358163
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2018
Event1st ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies, COMPASS 2018 - Menlo Park and San Jose, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 201822 Jun 2018

Other

Other1st ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies, COMPASS 2018
CountryUnited States
CityMenlo Park and San Jose
Period20/6/1822/6/18

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Keywords

  • Facebook
  • Gender gaps
  • Internet access
  • Now-casting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Mejova, Y., Gandhi, H. R., Rafaliya, T. J., Sitapara, M. R., Kashyap, R., & Weber, I. (2018). Measuring subnational digital gender inequality in India through gender gaps in Facebook use. In Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies, COMPASS 2018 [3212698] Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1145/3209811.3212698