Masses and orbital constraints for the OGLE-2006-BLG-109LB,C Jupiter/Saturn analog planetary system

D. P. Bennett, S. H. Rhie, S. Nikolaev, B. S. Gaudi, A. Udalski, A. Gould, G. W. Christie, D. Maoz, S. Dong, J. McCormick, M. K. Szymański, P. J. Tristram, B. MacIntosh, K. H. Cook, M. Kubiak, G. Pietrzyński, I. Soszyński, O. Szewczyk, K. Ulaczyk, WyrzykowskiD. L. Depoy, C. Han, S. Kaspi, C. U. Lee, F. Mallia, T. Natusch, B. G. Park, R. W. Pogge, D. Polishook, F. Abe, I. A. Bond, C. S. Botzler, A. Fukui, J. B. Hearnshaw, Y. Itow, K. Kamiya, A. V. Korpela, P. M. Kilmartin, W. Lin, J. Ling, K. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, M. Motomura, Y. Muraki, S. Nakamura, T. Okumura, K. Ohnishi, Y. C. Perrott, N. J. Rattenbury, T. Sako, To Saito, S. Sato, L. Skuljan, D. J. Sullivan, T. Sumi, W. L. Sweatman, P. C M Yock, M. Albrow, A. Allan, J. P. Beaulieu, D. M. Bramich, M. J. Burgdorf, C. Coutures, M. Dominik, S. Dieters, P. Fouqué, J. Greenhill, K. Horne, C. Snodgrass, I. Steele, Y. Tsapras, B. Chaboyer, A. Crocker, A. S. Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a new analysis of the Jupiter+Saturn analog system, OGLE-2006-BLG-109Lb,c, which was the first double planet system discovered with the gravitational microlensing method. This is the only multi-planet system discovered by any method with measured masses for the star and both planets. In addition to the signatures of two planets, this event also exhibits a microlensing parallax signature and finite source effects that provide a direct measure of the masses of the star and planets, and the expected brightness of the host star is confirmed by Keck AO imaging, yielding masses of M * = 0.51+0.05 ?0.04 M Mb = 231 ± 19M, and Mc = 86 ± 7M. The Saturn-analog planet in this system had a planetary light-curve deviation that lasted for 11 days, and as a result, the effects of the orbital motion are visible in the microlensing light curve. We find that four of the six orbital parameters are tightly constrained and that a fifth parameter, the orbital acceleration, is weakly constrained. No orbital information is available for the Jupiter-analog planet, but its presence helps to constrain the orbital motion of the Saturn-analog planet. Assuming co-planar orbits, we find an orbital eccentricity of ε = 0.15+0.17 ?0.10 and an orbital inclination of i = 64° +4° ?7° . The 95% confidence level lower limit on the inclination of i> 49° implies that this planetary system can be detected and studied via radial velocity measurements using a telescope of ≳30m aperture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-855
Number of pages19
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume713
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

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planetary systems
Saturn
Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter
planets
planet
analogs
orbitals
orbits
stars
light curve
inclination
signatures
parallax
eccentricity
velocity measurement
radial velocity
confidence
brightness
apertures

Keywords

  • Gravitational lensing: micro
  • Planetary systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Bennett, D. P., Rhie, S. H., Nikolaev, S., Gaudi, B. S., Udalski, A., Gould, A., ... Frank, A. S. (2010). Masses and orbital constraints for the OGLE-2006-BLG-109LB,C Jupiter/Saturn analog planetary system. Astrophysical Journal, 713(2), 837-855. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/713/2/837

Masses and orbital constraints for the OGLE-2006-BLG-109LB,C Jupiter/Saturn analog planetary system. / Bennett, D. P.; Rhie, S. H.; Nikolaev, S.; Gaudi, B. S.; Udalski, A.; Gould, A.; Christie, G. W.; Maoz, D.; Dong, S.; McCormick, J.; Szymański, M. K.; Tristram, P. J.; MacIntosh, B.; Cook, K. H.; Kubiak, M.; Pietrzyński, G.; Soszyński, I.; Szewczyk, O.; Ulaczyk, K.; Wyrzykowski; Depoy, D. L.; Han, C.; Kaspi, S.; Lee, C. U.; Mallia, F.; Natusch, T.; Park, B. G.; Pogge, R. W.; Polishook, D.; Abe, F.; Bond, I. A.; Botzler, C. S.; Fukui, A.; Hearnshaw, J. B.; Itow, Y.; Kamiya, K.; Korpela, A. V.; Kilmartin, P. M.; Lin, W.; Ling, J.; Masuda, K.; Matsubara, Y.; Motomura, M.; Muraki, Y.; Nakamura, S.; Okumura, T.; Ohnishi, K.; Perrott, Y. C.; Rattenbury, N. J.; Sako, T.; Saito, To; Sato, S.; Skuljan, L.; Sullivan, D. J.; Sumi, T.; Sweatman, W. L.; Yock, P. C M; Albrow, M.; Allan, A.; Beaulieu, J. P.; Bramich, D. M.; Burgdorf, M. J.; Coutures, C.; Dominik, M.; Dieters, S.; Fouqué, P.; Greenhill, J.; Horne, K.; Snodgrass, C.; Steele, I.; Tsapras, Y.; Chaboyer, B.; Crocker, A.; Frank, A. S.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 713, No. 2, 06.04.2010, p. 837-855.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bennett, DP, Rhie, SH, Nikolaev, S, Gaudi, BS, Udalski, A, Gould, A, Christie, GW, Maoz, D, Dong, S, McCormick, J, Szymański, MK, Tristram, PJ, MacIntosh, B, Cook, KH, Kubiak, M, Pietrzyński, G, Soszyński, I, Szewczyk, O, Ulaczyk, K, Wyrzykowski, Depoy, DL, Han, C, Kaspi, S, Lee, CU, Mallia, F, Natusch, T, Park, BG, Pogge, RW, Polishook, D, Abe, F, Bond, IA, Botzler, CS, Fukui, A, Hearnshaw, JB, Itow, Y, Kamiya, K, Korpela, AV, Kilmartin, PM, Lin, W, Ling, J, Masuda, K, Matsubara, Y, Motomura, M, Muraki, Y, Nakamura, S, Okumura, T, Ohnishi, K, Perrott, YC, Rattenbury, NJ, Sako, T, Saito, T, Sato, S, Skuljan, L, Sullivan, DJ, Sumi, T, Sweatman, WL, Yock, PCM, Albrow, M, Allan, A, Beaulieu, JP, Bramich, DM, Burgdorf, MJ, Coutures, C, Dominik, M, Dieters, S, Fouqué, P, Greenhill, J, Horne, K, Snodgrass, C, Steele, I, Tsapras, Y, Chaboyer, B, Crocker, A & Frank, AS 2010, 'Masses and orbital constraints for the OGLE-2006-BLG-109LB,C Jupiter/Saturn analog planetary system', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 713, no. 2, pp. 837-855. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/713/2/837
Bennett, D. P. ; Rhie, S. H. ; Nikolaev, S. ; Gaudi, B. S. ; Udalski, A. ; Gould, A. ; Christie, G. W. ; Maoz, D. ; Dong, S. ; McCormick, J. ; Szymański, M. K. ; Tristram, P. J. ; MacIntosh, B. ; Cook, K. H. ; Kubiak, M. ; Pietrzyński, G. ; Soszyński, I. ; Szewczyk, O. ; Ulaczyk, K. ; Wyrzykowski ; Depoy, D. L. ; Han, C. ; Kaspi, S. ; Lee, C. U. ; Mallia, F. ; Natusch, T. ; Park, B. G. ; Pogge, R. W. ; Polishook, D. ; Abe, F. ; Bond, I. A. ; Botzler, C. S. ; Fukui, A. ; Hearnshaw, J. B. ; Itow, Y. ; Kamiya, K. ; Korpela, A. V. ; Kilmartin, P. M. ; Lin, W. ; Ling, J. ; Masuda, K. ; Matsubara, Y. ; Motomura, M. ; Muraki, Y. ; Nakamura, S. ; Okumura, T. ; Ohnishi, K. ; Perrott, Y. C. ; Rattenbury, N. J. ; Sako, T. ; Saito, To ; Sato, S. ; Skuljan, L. ; Sullivan, D. J. ; Sumi, T. ; Sweatman, W. L. ; Yock, P. C M ; Albrow, M. ; Allan, A. ; Beaulieu, J. P. ; Bramich, D. M. ; Burgdorf, M. J. ; Coutures, C. ; Dominik, M. ; Dieters, S. ; Fouqué, P. ; Greenhill, J. ; Horne, K. ; Snodgrass, C. ; Steele, I. ; Tsapras, Y. ; Chaboyer, B. ; Crocker, A. ; Frank, A. S. / Masses and orbital constraints for the OGLE-2006-BLG-109LB,C Jupiter/Saturn analog planetary system. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 713, No. 2. pp. 837-855.
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Masses and orbital constraints for the OGLE-2006-BLG-109LB,C Jupiter/Saturn analog planetary system

AU - Bennett, D. P.

AU - Rhie, S. H.

AU - Nikolaev, S.

AU - Gaudi, B. S.

AU - Udalski, A.

AU - Gould, A.

AU - Christie, G. W.

AU - Maoz, D.

AU - Dong, S.

AU - McCormick, J.

AU - Szymański, M. K.

AU - Tristram, P. J.

AU - MacIntosh, B.

AU - Cook, K. H.

AU - Kubiak, M.

AU - Pietrzyński, G.

AU - Soszyński, I.

AU - Szewczyk, O.

AU - Ulaczyk, K.

AU - Wyrzykowski,

AU - Depoy, D. L.

AU - Han, C.

AU - Kaspi, S.

AU - Lee, C. U.

AU - Mallia, F.

AU - Natusch, T.

AU - Park, B. G.

AU - Pogge, R. W.

AU - Polishook, D.

AU - Abe, F.

AU - Bond, I. A.

AU - Botzler, C. S.

AU - Fukui, A.

AU - Hearnshaw, J. B.

AU - Itow, Y.

AU - Kamiya, K.

AU - Korpela, A. V.

AU - Kilmartin, P. M.

AU - Lin, W.

AU - Ling, J.

AU - Masuda, K.

AU - Matsubara, Y.

AU - Motomura, M.

AU - Muraki, Y.

AU - Nakamura, S.

AU - Okumura, T.

AU - Ohnishi, K.

AU - Perrott, Y. C.

AU - Rattenbury, N. J.

AU - Sako, T.

AU - Saito, To

AU - Sato, S.

AU - Skuljan, L.

AU - Sullivan, D. J.

AU - Sumi, T.

AU - Sweatman, W. L.

AU - Yock, P. C M

AU - Albrow, M.

AU - Allan, A.

AU - Beaulieu, J. P.

AU - Bramich, D. M.

AU - Burgdorf, M. J.

AU - Coutures, C.

AU - Dominik, M.

AU - Dieters, S.

AU - Fouqué, P.

AU - Greenhill, J.

AU - Horne, K.

AU - Snodgrass, C.

AU - Steele, I.

AU - Tsapras, Y.

AU - Chaboyer, B.

AU - Crocker, A.

AU - Frank, A. S.

PY - 2010/4/6

Y1 - 2010/4/6

N2 - We present a new analysis of the Jupiter+Saturn analog system, OGLE-2006-BLG-109Lb,c, which was the first double planet system discovered with the gravitational microlensing method. This is the only multi-planet system discovered by any method with measured masses for the star and both planets. In addition to the signatures of two planets, this event also exhibits a microlensing parallax signature and finite source effects that provide a direct measure of the masses of the star and planets, and the expected brightness of the host star is confirmed by Keck AO imaging, yielding masses of M * = 0.51+0.05 ?0.04 M⊙ Mb = 231 ± 19M, and Mc = 86 ± 7M. The Saturn-analog planet in this system had a planetary light-curve deviation that lasted for 11 days, and as a result, the effects of the orbital motion are visible in the microlensing light curve. We find that four of the six orbital parameters are tightly constrained and that a fifth parameter, the orbital acceleration, is weakly constrained. No orbital information is available for the Jupiter-analog planet, but its presence helps to constrain the orbital motion of the Saturn-analog planet. Assuming co-planar orbits, we find an orbital eccentricity of ε = 0.15+0.17 ?0.10 and an orbital inclination of i = 64° +4° ?7° . The 95% confidence level lower limit on the inclination of i> 49° implies that this planetary system can be detected and studied via radial velocity measurements using a telescope of ≳30m aperture.

AB - We present a new analysis of the Jupiter+Saturn analog system, OGLE-2006-BLG-109Lb,c, which was the first double planet system discovered with the gravitational microlensing method. This is the only multi-planet system discovered by any method with measured masses for the star and both planets. In addition to the signatures of two planets, this event also exhibits a microlensing parallax signature and finite source effects that provide a direct measure of the masses of the star and planets, and the expected brightness of the host star is confirmed by Keck AO imaging, yielding masses of M * = 0.51+0.05 ?0.04 M⊙ Mb = 231 ± 19M, and Mc = 86 ± 7M. The Saturn-analog planet in this system had a planetary light-curve deviation that lasted for 11 days, and as a result, the effects of the orbital motion are visible in the microlensing light curve. We find that four of the six orbital parameters are tightly constrained and that a fifth parameter, the orbital acceleration, is weakly constrained. No orbital information is available for the Jupiter-analog planet, but its presence helps to constrain the orbital motion of the Saturn-analog planet. Assuming co-planar orbits, we find an orbital eccentricity of ε = 0.15+0.17 ?0.10 and an orbital inclination of i = 64° +4° ?7° . The 95% confidence level lower limit on the inclination of i> 49° implies that this planetary system can be detected and studied via radial velocity measurements using a telescope of ≳30m aperture.

KW - Gravitational lensing: micro

KW - Planetary systems

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