Mapping of the rabbit MHC reveals that class I genes are adjacent to the DR subregion and defines an insertion/deletion-related polymorphism in the class II region

Lotfi Chouchane, T. J. Kindt

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Molecular analyses of genes in the rabbit MHC (RLA) by pulsed field gel electrophoresis have shown that the relative order of class II genes (DP, DO, DQ, DR) is identical to that in humans and similar to that in the mouse. However, a major difference from either HLA or H-2 was observed at the DR end of the RLA class II complex: class I genes are located in close proximity to DR with no interposed class III sequences. A MluI fragment of 180 kb and a 210-kb SalI fragment both hybridized with the DR probe as well as with different class I probes including that for pR27, a class I gene with T cell- limited pattern of expression. Comparison of two different RLA haplotypes, A and B, indicated that the distance between the DQ and DR subregions differs by approximately 700 kb in the two haplotypes. Testing other unrelated rabbits suggested that this difference segregates within the rabbit population and presumably derives from an insertion/deletion event in different haplotypes. A further difference between the A and B haplotypes included variable distance between genes encoding DOβ and DP; the DR end of the complex and the class I genes linkage was conserved in the two haplotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216-1222
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume149
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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MHC Class I Genes
Haplotypes
Rabbits
MHC Class II Genes
Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis
Genes
T-Lymphocytes
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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abstract = "Molecular analyses of genes in the rabbit MHC (RLA) by pulsed field gel electrophoresis have shown that the relative order of class II genes (DP, DO, DQ, DR) is identical to that in humans and similar to that in the mouse. However, a major difference from either HLA or H-2 was observed at the DR end of the RLA class II complex: class I genes are located in close proximity to DR with no interposed class III sequences. A MluI fragment of 180 kb and a 210-kb SalI fragment both hybridized with the DR probe as well as with different class I probes including that for pR27, a class I gene with T cell- limited pattern of expression. Comparison of two different RLA haplotypes, A and B, indicated that the distance between the DQ and DR subregions differs by approximately 700 kb in the two haplotypes. Testing other unrelated rabbits suggested that this difference segregates within the rabbit population and presumably derives from an insertion/deletion event in different haplotypes. A further difference between the A and B haplotypes included variable distance between genes encoding DOβ and DP; the DR end of the complex and the class I genes linkage was conserved in the two haplotypes.",
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AU - Kindt, T. J.

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N2 - Molecular analyses of genes in the rabbit MHC (RLA) by pulsed field gel electrophoresis have shown that the relative order of class II genes (DP, DO, DQ, DR) is identical to that in humans and similar to that in the mouse. However, a major difference from either HLA or H-2 was observed at the DR end of the RLA class II complex: class I genes are located in close proximity to DR with no interposed class III sequences. A MluI fragment of 180 kb and a 210-kb SalI fragment both hybridized with the DR probe as well as with different class I probes including that for pR27, a class I gene with T cell- limited pattern of expression. Comparison of two different RLA haplotypes, A and B, indicated that the distance between the DQ and DR subregions differs by approximately 700 kb in the two haplotypes. Testing other unrelated rabbits suggested that this difference segregates within the rabbit population and presumably derives from an insertion/deletion event in different haplotypes. A further difference between the A and B haplotypes included variable distance between genes encoding DOβ and DP; the DR end of the complex and the class I genes linkage was conserved in the two haplotypes.

AB - Molecular analyses of genes in the rabbit MHC (RLA) by pulsed field gel electrophoresis have shown that the relative order of class II genes (DP, DO, DQ, DR) is identical to that in humans and similar to that in the mouse. However, a major difference from either HLA or H-2 was observed at the DR end of the RLA class II complex: class I genes are located in close proximity to DR with no interposed class III sequences. A MluI fragment of 180 kb and a 210-kb SalI fragment both hybridized with the DR probe as well as with different class I probes including that for pR27, a class I gene with T cell- limited pattern of expression. Comparison of two different RLA haplotypes, A and B, indicated that the distance between the DQ and DR subregions differs by approximately 700 kb in the two haplotypes. Testing other unrelated rabbits suggested that this difference segregates within the rabbit population and presumably derives from an insertion/deletion event in different haplotypes. A further difference between the A and B haplotypes included variable distance between genes encoding DOβ and DP; the DR end of the complex and the class I genes linkage was conserved in the two haplotypes.

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