Management of anaphylaxis in children: A survey of parents and school personnel in Qatar

Shaza Mohammed Elhassan, Mary Charlson, Hibaq Jama, Farhan Zakri, Reem Hassan Elajez, Fayeha Ahmed, Shahrad Taheri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Allergies are a growing health concern with a significant impact on quality of life and healthcare costs. It is critical to develop an appropriate care plan to deal with children’s allergies. This study aimed to assess and compare the knowledge and perception of families and school personnel caring for children with history of anaphylaxis who were prescribed the epinephrine autoinjector (EpiPen). The study also examined the underlying reasons for any observed knowledge gaps. Methods A cross-sectional study of 128 families and 50 corresponding school personnel caring for children at risk of anaphylaxis who had been prescribed the EpiPen was conducted. The primary outcome was to identify any knowledge deficiency within family and school personnel and the reasons behind knowledge gaps. Results Of the 128 screened schools, 30 (23%) were not informed by parents about their pupils’ risk of anaphylaxis. Importantly, 113 (88%) of families and 42 (84%) of schools were unable to recognise the symptoms of anaphylaxis. Also, 67 (52%) of families and 22 (44%) of schools were not aware that a child should ideally have two EpiPen in case of a severe allergic reaction. The EpiPen had been used by 18 (14%) families and 5 (6%) schools. Discussion Communication among families and school personnel regarding anaphylaxis was suboptimal. Both parents and school personnel lacked key information in allergy management. Managing a child at risk of anaphylaxis requires effective communication among healthcare professionals, families and schools. There is an urgent need to improve knowledge of anaphylaxis and its management among families and school caregivers.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberY
JournalBMJ Paediatrics Open
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Fingerprint

Qatar
Anaphylaxis
Parents
Hypersensitivity
Surveys and Questionnaires
Communication
Quality of Health Care
Pupil
Health Care Costs
Caregivers
Epinephrine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Management of anaphylaxis in children : A survey of parents and school personnel in Qatar. / Elhassan, Shaza Mohammed; Charlson, Mary; Jama, Hibaq; Zakri, Farhan; Elajez, Reem Hassan; Ahmed, Fayeha; Taheri, Shahrad.

In: BMJ Paediatrics Open, Vol. 1, No. 1, Y, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elhassan, Shaza Mohammed ; Charlson, Mary ; Jama, Hibaq ; Zakri, Farhan ; Elajez, Reem Hassan ; Ahmed, Fayeha ; Taheri, Shahrad. / Management of anaphylaxis in children : A survey of parents and school personnel in Qatar. In: BMJ Paediatrics Open. 2017 ; Vol. 1, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background Allergies are a growing health concern with a significant impact on quality of life and healthcare costs. It is critical to develop an appropriate care plan to deal with children’s allergies. This study aimed to assess and compare the knowledge and perception of families and school personnel caring for children with history of anaphylaxis who were prescribed the epinephrine autoinjector (EpiPen). The study also examined the underlying reasons for any observed knowledge gaps. Methods A cross-sectional study of 128 families and 50 corresponding school personnel caring for children at risk of anaphylaxis who had been prescribed the EpiPen was conducted. The primary outcome was to identify any knowledge deficiency within family and school personnel and the reasons behind knowledge gaps. Results Of the 128 screened schools, 30 (23{\%}) were not informed by parents about their pupils’ risk of anaphylaxis. Importantly, 113 (88{\%}) of families and 42 (84{\%}) of schools were unable to recognise the symptoms of anaphylaxis. Also, 67 (52{\%}) of families and 22 (44{\%}) of schools were not aware that a child should ideally have two EpiPen in case of a severe allergic reaction. The EpiPen had been used by 18 (14{\%}) families and 5 (6{\%}) schools. Discussion Communication among families and school personnel regarding anaphylaxis was suboptimal. Both parents and school personnel lacked key information in allergy management. Managing a child at risk of anaphylaxis requires effective communication among healthcare professionals, families and schools. There is an urgent need to improve knowledge of anaphylaxis and its management among families and school caregivers.",
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